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Table 2.

Mean number of wiping movements observed in Florida tree frogs during pooled conditions of dehydration and normal hydration

Species (total wipes)Head wipeDorsal wipeLateral wipeVentral-lateral chin wipeEye flick
Hyla cinerea (14) 22.2±3.6a (3; N=5) 1.2±1.1a (2; N=4) 0.8±0.8a (5; N=3) None (N=5) None (N=5) 
Hyla gratiosa (101) 9.0±5.1b (73; N=7) 1.0±0.8a (7; N=5) 0.7±0.8a (5; N=4) 0.9±0.7a (6; N=5) 1.43±0.5b (10; N=7) 
Hyla squirella (234) 11.6±3.1b (139; N=12) 2.2±1.4a (26; N=11) 5.3±2.1b (64; N=12) 0.4±0.5a (5; N=5) None (N=7) 
Hyla avivoca (34) 3.0±2.2b,c (15; N=4) 0.6±0.9a (3; N=2) 1.6±1.1a (8; N=4) 1.2±0.5a (6; N=5) 0.4±0.6a (2; N=2) 
Hyla chrysoscelis (18) 1.2±0.8c (7; N=5) 0.7±0.8a (4; N=3) 0.5±0.6a (3; N=3) None (N=6) None (N=6) 
Hyla femoralis (14) 1.0±0.0c (3; N=3) 0.7±0.6a (2; N=2) 1.7±0.6a (5; N=3) None (N=3) 1.3±0.6a,b (4; N=3) 
Species (total wipes)Head wipeDorsal wipeLateral wipeVentral-lateral chin wipeEye flick
Hyla cinerea (14) 22.2±3.6a (3; N=5) 1.2±1.1a (2; N=4) 0.8±0.8a (5; N=3) None (N=5) None (N=5) 
Hyla gratiosa (101) 9.0±5.1b (73; N=7) 1.0±0.8a (7; N=5) 0.7±0.8a (5; N=4) 0.9±0.7a (6; N=5) 1.43±0.5b (10; N=7) 
Hyla squirella (234) 11.6±3.1b (139; N=12) 2.2±1.4a (26; N=11) 5.3±2.1b (64; N=12) 0.4±0.5a (5; N=5) None (N=7) 
Hyla avivoca (34) 3.0±2.2b,c (15; N=4) 0.6±0.9a (3; N=2) 1.6±1.1a (8; N=4) 1.2±0.5a (6; N=5) 0.4±0.6a (2; N=2) 
Hyla chrysoscelis (18) 1.2±0.8c (7; N=5) 0.7±0.8a (4; N=3) 0.5±0.6a (3; N=3) None (N=6) None (N=6) 
Hyla femoralis (14) 1.0±0.0c (3; N=3) 0.7±0.6a (2; N=2) 1.7±0.6a (5; N=3) None (N=3) 1.3±0.6a,b (4; N=3) 

For each species, the total number of all wiping movements observed is indicated. The number of each wiping movement observed followed by the sample size N of individuals observed is reported within parentheses.

Values are means ± s.d. for multiple observations.

Superscript letters indicate significant differences in wiping movements among species as determined by one-way ANOVA followed by Scheffe post-hoc comparisons (P=0.05).

Species that did not display certain wiping movements are indicated by`none' followed by sample size.

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