Table 3.

Loaded mass m (kg) | 0.460±0.040 |

Wingspan b (m) | 0.664±0.02 |

Frequency f (Hz) | 7.98±0.46 |

Wing length R (m) | 0.302±0.022 |

Single wing area (m^{2}) | 0.0296±0.0054 |

Kinematic means for 3 middle flaps | |

Peak upstroke angle φ_{x-z,max} (deg.) | 86.2±7.5 |

Angular velocity φ_{x-z} (deg. s^{-1}) | –2023±60 |

Downstroke time T_{ds} (s) | 0.0673±0.0023 |

Loaded mass m (kg) | 0.460±0.040 |

Wingspan b (m) | 0.664±0.02 |

Frequency f (Hz) | 7.98±0.46 |

Wing length R (m) | 0.302±0.022 |

Single wing area (m^{2}) | 0.0296±0.0054 |

Kinematic means for 3 middle flaps | |

Peak upstroke angle φ_{x-z,max} (deg.) | 86.2±7.5 |

Angular velocity φ_{x-z} (deg. s^{-1}) | –2023±60 |

Downstroke time T_{ds} (s) | 0.0673±0.0023 |

Values are means ± s.d.(*N*=3).

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