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Table 3.

Doubly labeled water studies in which temperature explained a significant fraction of interindividual variation in daily energy expenditure,denoted by the coefficient of determination (r2)

Temperature
SpeciesMass (g)Measured*Ranger2NSource
House martin Delichon urbica 18.8 Min Ta 0.13 78 Bryant and Westerterp (1980) 
House martin Delichon urbica 18.8 Min Ta 0.08 55 Bryant and Westerterp (1983) 
Sand martin Riparia riparia 14.3 Ta 0.29 10 Westerterp and Bryant (1984) 
Loggerheaded shrike Lanius ludovicianus 45.5 Te 7.2 0.52 Weathers et al. (1984) 
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus 35.4 Te 19.1 0.46 16 Buttemer et al. (1986) 
European dipper Cinclus cinclus 63.1 Ta 0.05 77 Bryant and Tatner (1988) 
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 24.3 Ta 0.20 19 Moreno (1989) 
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 24.3 Ta 13 0.20 24 Tatner (1990) 
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps 6.5 Tes 16.4 0.21 34 Webster and Weathers (1990) 
Western bluebird Sialia mexicana 27.5 Max Ta  0.30 31 Mock (1991) 
House wren Troglodytes aedon 10.5 Min Ta 10.2 0.20 30 Dykstra and Karasov (1993) 
Orange-breasted sunbird Nectarinia violacea 9.5 Te 0.62 Williams (1993) 
Great tit Parus major 17.7 Ta 12.8 0.23 32 Tinbergen and Dietz (1994) 
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres 108 Tes 15.3 0.55 11 Piersma and Morrison (1994) 
New Holland honeyeater Phylidonyris novaehollandiae 17.3 Tes 9.0 0.52 12 Weathers et al. (1996) 
Great tit Parus major 21.8 Min Ta 10.2 0.34 22 Bryan and Bryant (1999) 
White-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys 31.1 Ta 6.5 0.49 21 Weathers et al. (1999) 
Great tit Parus major ≈18 Ta 14 0.29 38 Tinbergen and Dietz (2000) 
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps 6.5 Tes 26.6 0.85 21 Webster and Weathers (2000) 
Great tit Parus major ≈17.7 Ta 13 0.29 44 Sanz et al. (2000) 
White-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys 28.5 Tes 26.4 0.42 53 This study 
Temperature
SpeciesMass (g)Measured*Ranger2NSource
House martin Delichon urbica 18.8 Min Ta 0.13 78 Bryant and Westerterp (1980) 
House martin Delichon urbica 18.8 Min Ta 0.08 55 Bryant and Westerterp (1983) 
Sand martin Riparia riparia 14.3 Ta 0.29 10 Westerterp and Bryant (1984) 
Loggerheaded shrike Lanius ludovicianus 45.5 Te 7.2 0.52 Weathers et al. (1984) 
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus 35.4 Te 19.1 0.46 16 Buttemer et al. (1986) 
European dipper Cinclus cinclus 63.1 Ta 0.05 77 Bryant and Tatner (1988) 
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 24.3 Ta 0.20 19 Moreno (1989) 
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 24.3 Ta 13 0.20 24 Tatner (1990) 
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps 6.5 Tes 16.4 0.21 34 Webster and Weathers (1990) 
Western bluebird Sialia mexicana 27.5 Max Ta  0.30 31 Mock (1991) 
House wren Troglodytes aedon 10.5 Min Ta 10.2 0.20 30 Dykstra and Karasov (1993) 
Orange-breasted sunbird Nectarinia violacea 9.5 Te 0.62 Williams (1993) 
Great tit Parus major 17.7 Ta 12.8 0.23 32 Tinbergen and Dietz (1994) 
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres 108 Tes 15.3 0.55 11 Piersma and Morrison (1994) 
New Holland honeyeater Phylidonyris novaehollandiae 17.3 Tes 9.0 0.52 12 Weathers et al. (1996) 
Great tit Parus major 21.8 Min Ta 10.2 0.34 22 Bryan and Bryant (1999) 
White-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys 31.1 Ta 6.5 0.49 21 Weathers et al. (1999) 
Great tit Parus major ≈18 Ta 14 0.29 38 Tinbergen and Dietz (2000) 
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps 6.5 Tes 26.6 0.85 21 Webster and Weathers (2000) 
Great tit Parus major ≈17.7 Ta 13 0.29 44 Sanz et al. (2000) 
White-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys 28.5 Tes 26.4 0.42 53 This study 
*

Ta, air temperature; Te, operative temperature; Tes, standard operative temperature; Min,minimum; Max, maximum.

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