1-17 of 17
Keywords: vertebrate
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Journal Articles
JEB: 100 years of discovery
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (Suppl_1): jeb245042.
Published: 26 January 2023
...Armita R. Manafzadeh ABSTRACT Joints enable nearly all vertebrate animal motion, from feeding to locomotion. However, despite well over a century of arthrological research, we still understand very little about how the structure of joints relates to the kinematics they exhibit in life...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (21): jeb214171.
Published: 5 November 2020
...Laura M. Zimmerman ABSTRACT Ten years ago, ‘Understanding the vertebrate immune system: insights from the reptilian perspective’ was published. At the time, our understanding of the reptilian immune system lagged behind that of birds, mammals, fish and amphibians. Since then, great progress has...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (3): jeb151092.
Published: 9 February 2018
... in the vertebrate lineage, enabling neofunctionalisation and/or subfunctionalisation, but with lineage-specific gene loss and/or additional gene or genome duplications generating complex patterns in the phylogenetic distribution of paralogous neuropeptide signalling systems. We are entering a new era...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (13): 2049–2054.
Published: 1 July 2015
... by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2015 Summary: Zebra finches do not learn to use polarization cues displayed on modified LCD-screens despite extensive behavioural training in a two-alternative forced choice experiment. Celestial polarization pattern Avian vision Vertebrate E-vector orientation...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (2): 202–226.
Published: 15 January 2006
...Harvey B. Lillywhite SUMMARY The vertebrate integument represents an evolutionary compromise between the needs for mechanical protection and those of sensing the environment and regulating the exchange of materials and energy. Fibrous keratins evolved as a means of strengthening the integument...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (23): 4327–4340.
Published: 1 December 2003
... © The Company of Biologists Limited 2003 2003 locomotion biomechanics kinematics EMG muscle electromyography modulation neural control bone stress posture evolution vertebrate alligator Sauria Crocodylia Quadrupedal tetrapod species use a diverse variety of limb postures...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (23): 3579–3586.
Published: 1 December 2002
...Philip E. Bickler; Paul H. Donohoe SUMMARY The damage caused to mammalian neurons during ischaemic events in the brain(e.g. following a stroke), is an area of major interest to neuroscientists. The neurons of hypoxia-tolerant vertebrates offer unique models for identifying new strategies to enhance...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (5): 641–650.
Published: 1 March 2002
... (see above), the Boltzmann equation ( Burton, 1973b ) implies surface pH values near 6.2. It now seems at least plausible that there exists a common determinant of optimum pHa in ectothermic vertebrates, namely a cell-surface structure with a conserved requirement for surface pH. Minor...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (4): 439–441.
Published: 15 February 2002
... Limited 2002 2002 vision eye size vertebrate dive depth ichthyosaur. Ichthyosaurs were large marine reptiles that lived between 90 and 250 million years ago. Fossil evidence suggests that several species had very large eyes in comparison with those of the extant dolphins, with which...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (23): 3423–3430.
Published: 1 December 1999
...J. J. Videler; U. K. Müller; E. J. Stamhuis ABSTRACT Vertebrates swimming with undulations of the body and tail have inflection points where the curvature of the body changes from concave to convex or vice versa . These inflection points travel down the body at the speed of the running wave...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (3): 301–314.
Published: 1 February 1999
...G. W. G. Chalmers; J. M. Gosline; M. A. Lillie ABSTRACT An evolutionary trend towards increasing hydrophobicity of vertebrate arterial elastins suggests that there is an adaptive advantage to higher hydrophobicity. The swelling and dynamic mechanical properties of elastins from several species were...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (8): 1141–1152.
Published: 1 April 1998
... of Biologists Limited 1998 anoxia hypoxia neuron Ca 2+ vertebrate turtle Chrysemys picta belli . Oxygen deprivation is a stress occasionally encountered to some degree by members of all vertebrate taxa, but true vertebrate anaerobes, which can tolerate anoxia for prolonged periods...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (8): 1073–1084.
Published: 1 April 1998
...Austen F. Riggs ABSTRACT Cooperative ligand binding by tetrameric vertebrate hemoglobins (Hbs) makes possible the delivery of oxygen at higher pressures than would otherwise occur. This cooperativity depends on changes in dimer–dimer interactions within the tetramer and is reflected in a 50 000...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 160 (1): 1–23.
Published: 1 October 1991
... of lactic acid or octopine, depending on taxon. In vertebrates, the primitive metabolic pattern involved the use of aerobic metabolism to support moderate swimming performance, supplemented by bursts of activity fuelled through lactic acid production. Because of much greater locomotor costs, the transition...