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J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (20): 3358–3367.
Published: 15 October 2011
.... Visual elimination had no influence on directionality unless combined with LL elimination. * These authors contributed equally to this work † Author for correspondence ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) 20 1 2011 © 2011. 2011 startle escape Mauthner lateral line...
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (20): 3368–3377.
Published: 15 October 2011
... and their proximity to the posterior eighth nerve afferents indicate a crucial role for the aLLn in influencing the excitability and directionality of the M-cell. * Author for correspondence ( email@example.com ) 5 7 2011 © 2011. 2011 startle escape Mauthner lateral line...
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (14): 2416–2425.
Published: 15 July 2011
... of the experiment, the bats appeared startled by the clicks; however, on nights three through seven, the bats frequently missed their prey by a distance predicted by the ranging interference hypothesis (∼15–20 cm). Three-dimensional simulations show that bats did not avoid phantom targets, and the bats' ability...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (23): 4788–4801.
Published: 1 December 2006
...Shennan A. Weiss; Steven J. Zottoli; Samantha C. Do; Donald S. Faber; Thomas Preuss SUMMARY Startle behaviors in teleost fishes are well suited for investigations of mechanisms of sensorimotor integration because the behavior is quantifiable and much of the underlying circuitry has been identified...
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (14): 2637–2650.
Published: 15 July 2006
... of microclicks may be one method that arctiids have used to increase the apparent intensity of their calls to bat predators. Louder calls would produce a greater startle response( Blumenthal, 1996 ), increase the statistical chances of signal detection( Tougaard, 1998 ) and be more salient aposematic learning...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (22): 3985–3997.
Published: 15 October 2004
...Hilary S. Bierman; Julie E. Schriefer; Steven J. Zottoli; Melina E. Hale SUMMARY While most actinopterygian fishes perform C-start or S-start behaviors as their primary startle responses, many elongate species instead use a withdrawal movement. Studies of withdrawal have focused on the response...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (3): 535–544.
Published: 22 January 2004
...Julie E. Schriefer; Melina E. Hale SUMMARY S-starts are a major class of fast-start behaviors that serve diverse locomotor functions in fishes, playing roles in both feeding strike and escape startle events. While movement patterns are similar during strike and startle,their motor control...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (14): 2005–2016.
Published: 15 July 2002
...Melina E. Hale SUMMARY The startle response is a model system for examining the neural basis of behavior because of its relatively simple neural circuit organization and kinematic pattern. In fishes, the two primary types of startle behavior differ in their initial movements. In the C-start type...