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Keywords: spider silk
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (5): jeb242514.
Published: 10 March 2022
... of its potential insect prey: less-viscous hydrocarbons interact better with the thread, matching biophysical models of hydrocarbon phase behaviour. Adhesion Cribellate capture thread Cuticular hydrocarbons Evolutionary arms race Predator–prey interactions Selection pressure Spider silk...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (20): jeb214981.
Published: 23 October 2019
...Shichang Zhang; Dakota Piorkowski; Wan-Rou Lin; Yi-Ru Lee; Chen-Pan Liao; Pi-Han Wang; I-Min Tso ABSTRACT Spider silks are protein-based fibers that are incorporated into webs with the unique combination of high mechanical toughness and resistance to microbial degradation. While spiders...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (12): 2250–2259.
Published: 15 June 2017
....   17 , 71 - 95 . Coddington , J. A. and Levi , H. W. ( 1991 ). Systematics and evolution of spiders (Araneae) . Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.   22 , 565 - 592 . 10.1146/annurev.es.22.110191.003025 Denny , M. ( 1976 ). The physical properties of spider's silk and their role...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (18): 3388–3394.
Published: 15 September 2013
...). Orb webs therefore respond to faster – and hence higher kinetic energy – prey with better performance, suggesting adaptation to capture larger and faster flying insect prey. This speed-dependent toughness of a complex structure suggests the utility of the intrinsic toughness of spider silk...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (20): 3505–3514.
Published: 15 October 2010
...Cecilia Boutry; Todd Alan Blackledge SUMMARY Spider silk is a promising biomaterial with impressive performance. However, some spider silks also ‘supercontract’ when exposed to water, shrinking by up to ∼50% in length. Supercontraction may provide a critical mechanism to tailor silk properties...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (13): 1981–1989.
Published: 1 July 2009
... biomimetic muscle humidity major ampullate fibroin spider silk supercontraction Most spiders spin a variety of different silks that are utilized for diverse ecological functions ( Blackledge and Hayashi, 2006 ). Dragline silk, produced from major ampullate silk glands, evolved early...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (17): 2832–2840.
Published: 1 September 2008
... ). For example, under British Standards BS-449, a steel member under tension, with a yield stress of 2.5×10 8 Pa, may not be loaded to more than 1.65×10 8 Pa, an effective safety factor of 1.5( Blockey, 1980 ). © The Company of Biologists Limited 2008 2008 dragline safefy factor spider silk...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (2): 320–326.
Published: 15 January 2006
... process. Silk samples were tensile-tested and their diameters measured. Force-displacement curves and stress-strain curves were drawn. The evolution of the silking process of anaesthetized spiders is found to be complex, but it sheds light on the details of the spinning mechanism of spider silk. spider...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (14): 2633–2639.
Published: 15 July 2005
.... A strong correlation between silking force and tensile behaviour of spider silk has been established. Fibres spun at high silking force – compared with the conventional yield stress – are stiff and show stress–strain curves previously found in forcibly silked fibres. By contrast, fibres spun at low...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (6): 1053–1061.
Published: 15 March 2005
... The Company of Biologists Limited 2005 2005 spider silk dragline major ampullate gland Nephila Orb-weaving spiders construct webs to catch prey and this trait is easy to quantify, therefore they have been a popular model to study how foragers respond to various foraging conditions( Eberhard...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1985) 116 (1): 141–151.
Published: 1 May 1985
..., Brunel University, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH. 10 10 1984 © 1985 by Company of Biologists 1985 Safety factors spider drag-lines spider silk Meta segmentata Alexander (1981) argued that if an animal skeleton is too weak it is likely to break in use, but if it is too strong...