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Keywords: snail
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (21): 3935–3944.
Published: 1 November 2014
...Siddharth Ramakrishnan; Bridgette Arnett; A. Don Murphy The multifunctional buccal central pattern generator in snails, which controls different oral behaviors, has been well characterized. In this work we propose a role for the group of about 40 electrotonically coupled buccal A cluster cells...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (21): 4273–4282.
Published: 1 November 2006
...Kathleen Carter; Ken Lukowiak; James O. Schenk; Barbara A. Sorg SUMMARY The persistence of drug addiction suggests that drugs of abuse enhance learning and/or impair extinction of the drug memory. We studied the effects of repeated cocaine on learning, memory and reinstatement in the pond snail...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (8): 1525–1536.
Published: 15 April 2005
...Kashif Parvez; Ory Stewart; Susan Sangha; Ken Lukowiak SUMMARY Aerial respiration in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis can be operantly conditioned. Depending on the specific training procedure used (i.e. a 0.5 h vs a 1.0 h interval between training sessions) either intermediate (ITM) or long-term...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (1): 131–140.
Published: 1 January 2002
...Kim Smyth; Susan Sangha; Ken Lukowiak SUMMARY Aerial respiratory behaviour can be operantly conditioned in Lymnaea stagnalis and, depending on the interval between the training sessions, memories of significantly different durations are produced. In naïve snails, a 15 min training procedure...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (9): 1625–1633.
Published: 1 May 2001
...Galina A. Pavlova ABSTRACT The terrestrial snail Helix lucorum crawls using waves of muscular contraction (pedal waves) that spread along the sole of its foot. Crawling speed depends on wave generation frequency (step frequency) and the distance the snail moves forwards during each wave (step...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (15): 2313–2319.
Published: 1 August 1998
...Joris M. Koene; Ronald Chase ABSTRACT The function of the love dart in certain species of terrestrial snails is unknown. In Helix aspersa , the dart is a sharp calcareous structure that is used to pierce the partner’s skin during courtship. When expelled, the dart is covered with a thick mucus...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (6): 877–882.
Published: 15 March 1998
...Ken Lukowiak; Ralph Cotter; Jackie Westly; Erika Ringseis; Gaynor Spencer; Naweed Syed ABSTRACT The freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis breaths bimodally either through its skin (cutaneous respiration) or via a rudimentary lung opening called the pneumostome (aerial respiration). Aerial respiratory...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (5): 941–951.
Published: 1 March 1997
...P. A. C. M. De Boer; R. F. Jansen; J. M. Koene; A. Ter Maat ABSTRACT We studied the role of the prostate gland in determining the level of male sexual drive in the hermaphroditic pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis . Male sexual drive is high after a period of social isolation and decreases after...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (3): 683–691.
Published: 1 March 1996
...Ken Lukowiak; Erika Ringseis; Gaynor Spencer; Wic Wildering; Naweed Syed ABSTRACT In this study, we operantly conditioned the aerial respiratory behaviour of the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis . Aerial respiration in Lymnaea stagnalis is accomplished by the spontaneous opening and closing...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (9): 1919–1929.
Published: 1 September 1995
.... 16 05 1995 © The Company of Biologists Limited 1995 stretch-activated channel permeability selectivity mollusc mechanosensitive channel snail Lymnaea stagnalis In many neurons, resting K + conductance is modulated by neurotransmitters via second messengers...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (1): 241–247.
Published: 1 January 1995
...David T. Booth ABSTRACT The oxygen transport physiology of sand snail Polinices sordidus egg masses was investigated using oxygen microelectrodes and open-flow respirometry. P. sordidus eggs are laid in a jelly matrix that rapidly absorbs water and swells into a horseshoe-shaped sausage...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1993) 178 (1): 251–259.
Published: 1 May 1993
.... ( 1985 ). Neural network analysis in the snail brain . In Model Neural Networks and Behavior (ed. A. I. Selverston ), pp. 87 – 108 . New York : Plenum Press . Buckett , K. J. , Peters , M. , Dockray , G. J. , Van Minnen , J. and Benjamin , P. R. ( 1990...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles