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In collection:Comparative biomechanics of movement
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (7): jeb195578.
Published: 5 April 2019
... of the pigeon ( Columba livia ). In vivo studies during different flight modes revealed variation in strain profile, activation timing and duration, and contractile cycle frequency of the humerotriceps, suggesting that this muscle may alter wing shape in diverse ways. To examine the multifunction potential...
Includes: Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (12): 2192–2200.
Published: 15 June 2013
...Richard Holland; Caterina Filannino; Anna Gagliardo SUMMARY The cues by which homing pigeons are able to return to a home loft after displacement to unfamiliar release sites remain debated. A number of experiments in which migratory birds have been treated with a magnetic pulse have produced...
Includes: Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (8): 1434–1438.
Published: 15 April 2013
... cohesion can lead to more accurate outcomes than solitary decisions. In homing pigeons, a classic model in avian orientation studies, individuals learn habitual routes home, but whether and how co-navigating birds acquire and share route-based information is unknown. Using miniature GPS loggers, we...
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (11): 1867–1873.
Published: 1 June 2011
... show that the role of upstroke changes to only provide weight support at higher speeds in bats ( Wolf et al., 2010 ). Our results suggest that birds exhibiting tip-reversal upstroke may use aerodynamic mechanisms similar to bats during slow flight. Our findings indicate that slow-flying pigeons...
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (7): 1120–1130.
Published: 1 April 2008
... required for level flight and the power necessary for potential energy change. Pigeons ( Columba livia ) were trained to fly at varying angles of ascent and descent (60°, 30°,0°, –30°, –60°), and were recorded using high-speed video. Detailed three-dimensional kinematics were obtained from the recordings...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (12): 2082–2090.
Published: 15 June 2007
... ask: what conditions are required at the surface of actively respiring, state III, tightly coupled mitochondria to enhance oxygen flow to cytochrome oxidase? Pigeon heart mitochondria were isolated with minimal damage to the outer mitochondrial membrane and were incubated at low oxygen pressures...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (7): 1132–1138.
Published: 1 April 2007
...Anna Gagliardo; Paolo Ioalè; Maria Savini; Hans-Peter Lipp; Giacomo Dell'Omo Experiments have shown that homing pigeons are able to develop navigational abilities even if reared and kept confined in an aviary, provided that they are exposed to natural winds. These and other experiments performed...
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (2): 292–301.
Published: 15 January 2006
...Monique Maurice; Henri Gioanni; Anick Abourachid SUMMARY We investigated the effects of several behavioural conditions on the properties of the horizontal optocollic reflex (OCR) in pigeons. The head reflex was triggered by rotating the visual surroundings at different velocities (stimuli steps...
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (1): 103–114.
Published: 1 January 2006
... ( T ASK ) and air temperature ( T AIR ) independently at air speeds( U WIN ) comparable to flying speeds. We used it to measure the influence of T ASK , T AIR and U WIN on plumage and skin temperatures in pigeons having to dissipate a thermal load while constrained at rest in a flight posture. Our...
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (2): 355–369.
Published: 15 January 2005
... and across the wings, and for two sites across the tail, of pigeons flying between two perches. The confounding influence of acceleration on the pressure signals is shown to be small for both wings and tail. The mean differential pressure for the tail during steady, level flight was 25.6 Pa, which, given...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (15): 2611–2619.
Published: 1 July 2004
...Liisa M. Peltonen; Ahti Pyörnilä SUMMARY We studied the blood flow over dorsal and abdominal, non-brooding patch skin of two groups of pigeons: one group was thermally acclimated to cold(winter-acclimatized, WAC) while the other group was acclimated to a mesic environment (thermally non...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (17): 2627–2636.
Published: 1 September 2002
...E. Ophir; Y. Arieli; J. Marder; M. Horowitz SUMMARY The heat-acclimated rock pigeon is thought to use cutaneous water evaporation (CWE) as the `preferred' route for heat dissipation, and this mechanism is controlled by adrenergic signaling. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (12): 1795–1805.
Published: 15 June 2002
...Helmut Prior; Frank Lingenauber; Jörg Nitschke; Onur Güntürkün SUMMARY The pigeon's use of different visuo-spatial cues was studied under controlled laboratory conditions that simulated analogous aspects of a homing situation. The birds first learned the route to a goal that was not visible...
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (21): 3803–3814.
Published: 1 November 2001
...Gilead Michaeli; Berry Pinshow SUMMARY We assessed respiratory and cutaneous water loss in trained tippler pigeons ( Columba livia ) both at rest and in free flight. In resting pigeons, exhaled air temperature T ex increased with ambient air temperature T a ( T ex =16.3+0.705 T a ) between 15°C...
J Exp Biol (1992) 166 (1): 169–179.
Published: 1 May 1992
...FLORIANO PAPI; PAOLO LUSCHI; PATRIZIA LIMONTA Keeping homing pigeons in an oscillating magnetic field of low intensity is known to increase the scattering of initial bearings and/or their deflection towards a specific direction. To determine whether these effects on orientation are the outcome...
J Exp Biol (1992) 165 (1): 111–120.
Published: 1 April 1992
...CHRIS JENSEN; CLAUS BECH Ventilatory control of the composition of the gases in the air sacs was studied during entry into fasting-induced, shallow, nocturnal hypothermia in the domestic pigeon ( Columba livia ). Respiratory frequency ( f ), tidal volume ( V T ) and oxygen uptake ( V O O2 were...
J Exp Biol (1992) 164 (1): 171–187.
Published: 1 March 1992
...WOLFGANG SCHLUND Depriving homing pigeons of olfactory information by applying a local anaesthetic, gingicain, to their olfactory epithelium results in systemic effects. Furthermore, anosmia persists reliably for only an hour. In contrast, intra-nasal irrigation with 18 % zinc sulphate solution...
J Exp Biol (1992) 162 (1): 185–196.
Published: 1 January 1992
...JAN E. ØSTNES; CLAUS BECH In the present study we compared the metabolic responses to selective cooling of the cervical (C 9 --Th 1 ) and the thoracic (Th i --Th 5 ) parts of the spinal cord of pigeons. To obtain selective cooling of the two parts, two thermodes (4.5 cm) were inserted...
RONALD RANVAUD, KLAUS SCHMIDT-KOENIG, JÖRG U. GANZHORN, JAKOB KIEPENHEUER, ODIVAL C. GASPAROTTO, LUIZ R. G. BRITTO
J Exp Biol (1991) 161 (1): 299–314.
Published: 1 November 1991
...RONALD RANVAUD; KLAUS SCHMIDT-KOENIG; JÖRG U. GANZHORN; JAKOB KIEPENHEUER; ODIVAL C. GASPAROTTO; LUIZ R. G. BRITTO Homing pigeons are thought to use the earth's magnetic field for direction finding. Though the sensory system and the characteristics of the magnetic field used are unknown, it can...
J Exp Biol (1991) 155 (1): 193–202.
Published: 1 January 1991
...ALBERT CRAIG; JACQUES LAROCHELLE The rate of heat loss through the stretched wings ( H wings ) was studied in resting pigeons preheated to a body temperature (43.7°C) within the range of those recorded during flight. The experimental system was designed to allow the calculation of H wings from...