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Keywords: metabolic cost
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (6): jeb243104.
Published: 18 March 2022
... reveals that equally preferable gaits do not translate into energy minimization. Metabolic cost Gait Locomotion Motor control Two-alternative forced-choice Utility theory National Institutes of Health 5T32EB009406 R01NS063399 Northwestern University http://dx.doi.org...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (18): jeb239889.
Published: 22 September 2021
... work to restore dissipative losses could account for 31% of the net metabolic cost. Soft tissue dissipation, not included in most biomechanical studies, explains most of the variation in negative work of walking, and could account for a substantial fraction of the metabolic cost. 14 4 2021 10...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (3): jeb233056.
Published: 12 February 2021
.... 11 7 2020 23 12 2020 © 2021. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2021 Summary: The human walk–run transition does not minimize energetic cost at moderate inclines, but does on steeper inclines (15 deg). Gait transition Locomotion Metabolic cost Uphill...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (23): jeb216119.
Published: 4 December 2020
...Christopher J. Arellano; Obioma B. McReynolds; Shernice A. Thomas ABSTRACT Humans often perform tasks that require them to carry loads, but the metabolic cost of carrying loads depends on where the loads are positioned on the body. We reasoned that carrying loads at the arms’ center of mass (COM...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (19): jeb198234.
Published: 8 October 2019
..., rather than on how these objective functions are minimized over time ( Franklin and Wolpert, 2011 ; Todorov, 2004 ). Here, we used both experiments and models to understand how the nervous system learns to optimize our movements. Sensorimotor control Exoskeletons Metabolic cost Energy...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (17): jeb202895.
Published: 3 September 2019
... structures in the back and their rôle in galloping in some mammals . J. Zool. London   207 , 467 - 482 . 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1985.tb04944.x Arellano , C. J. and Kram , R. ( 2014 ). Partitioning the metabolic cost of human running: a task-by-task approach . Integr. Comp. Biol.   54...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (22): jeb182113.
Published: 16 November 2018
... influences workload placed on more proximal leg muscles, trailing leg mechanical output and step length. Joint work Push-off Walking Metabolic cost Inverse dynamics Extensor muscles spanning the ankle (i.e. plantarflexors) are a critical functional component of the human musculoskeletal...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (2): 167–170.
Published: 15 January 2017
... rate appeared to decrease with increasing force rate for hopping. However, this paradox is the result of comparing different cross-sections of the metabolic cost landscapes for hopping and running. The apparent relationship between metabolic rate and force rate observed in treadmill running is likely...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (11): 1647–1654.
Published: 1 June 2015
... rate (RMR) in dolphin A and B, respectively. As vocal effort increased, we found that there was a significant increase in metabolic rate over RMR during the 2 min following sound production in both dolphins, and in total oxygen consumption (metabolic cost of sound production plus recovery costs...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (8): 1180–1187.
Published: 15 April 2015
... Metabolic cost Highlighted article: With a short digestive tract and high metabolic demand, the fish-eating myotis faces confounding digestive challenges. It meets these demands with an unusually energetically intense digestive response. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2015...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (11): 1940–1945.
Published: 1 June 2014
... was performing work was significantly higher at 15°C than at 25°C, regardless of acclimation conditions. Muscle therefore consumed significantly more oxygen at 15°C for a given work output than at 25°C, and plastic responses did not modify this thermodynamic effect. The metabolic cost of muscle performance...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (7): 1338–1349.
Published: 1 April 2013
... at their preferred speed, kinematic and kinetic data were collected and mechanical work at the main lower limb joints (hip, knee, ankle) was calculated. In a separate treadmill experiment, metabolic costs were measured. Analysis revealed that the principal differences between running and galloping are located...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (12): 2089–2095.
Published: 15 June 2011
...Kristine L. Snyder; Claire T. Farley SUMMARY At a given running speed, humans strongly prefer to use a stride frequency near their ‘optimal’ stride frequency that minimizes metabolic cost. Although there is no definitive explanation for why an optimal stride frequency exists, elastic energy usage...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (24): 4265–4271.
Published: 15 December 2010
... in the average COM work rate exacted a proportional metabolic cost. The similar patterns of COM work and COM work rate during rocking and walking support the use of rocking to isolate the mechanics of step-to-step transitions. We found that the ankle was the main joint contributing to the positive work required...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (1): 32–41.
Published: 1 January 2009
...Gregory S. Sawicki; Daniel P. Ferris SUMMARY We examined healthy human subjects wearing robotic ankle exoskeletons to study the metabolic cost of ankle muscle–tendon work during uphill walking. The exoskeletons were powered by artificial pneumatic muscles and controlled by the user's soleus...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (9): 1402–1413.
Published: 1 May 2008
... by the user's own soleus electromyography (i.e. proportional myoelectric control) to determine whether mechanical assistance at the ankle joint could reduce the metabolic cost of level, steady-speed human walking. We hypothesized that subjects would reduce their net metabolic power in proportion to the average...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (13): 2489–2496.
Published: 1 July 2005
...-mail: krasnov@bgumail.bgu.ac.il ) 4 5 2005 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2005 2005 CO 2 emission digestion flea host specificity metabolic cost Acomys cahirinus Gerbillus dasyurus Net nutritive and energetic value of food consumed by an animal depends on a variety...