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Keywords: mechanical properties
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (6): jeb213009.
Published: 16 March 2020
... vertebral trabecular bone mechanical properties (yield strength, stiffness and toughness) throughout development in Florida manatees ( Trichechus manatus latirostris ), obligate undulatory swimmers. Thoracic, lumbar and caudal vertebrae were dissected from manatees ( N =20) during necropsies. We extracted 6...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (15): jeb201103.
Published: 7 August 2019
... was on the outside. In contrast, the static out–in and in–out bending tests reveal that a better mechanical protection of the shell against slow mechanical attacks is achieved if the nacre is on the outside. However, the shell has the same mechanical properties against dynamic mechanical attacks regardless of nacre...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (21): jeb185421.
Published: 29 October 2018
...: Aquatic and terrestrial crabs experience different mechanical challenges that have little impact on their rigid skeleton but significant consequences for their hydrostatic skeleton that may constrain terrestrial crab size. Crustacea Exoskeleton Hydrostatic skeleton Mechanical properties...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (11): 2108–2119.
Published: 1 June 2017
... and entangle and immobilise the predator in a matter of seconds. The mechanical properties (extensibility, tensile strength, stiffness and toughness) of quiescent (i.e. in the body cavity) and elongated (i.e. after expulsion) Cuvierian tubules were investigated in the species Holothuria forskali using traction...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (6): 984–994.
Published: 15 March 2017
...Zeineb Bouhlel; Bertrand Genard; Neilly Ibrahim; Emily Carrington; José M. F. Babarro; Aynur Lok; Augusto A. V. Flores; Christian Pellerin; Réjean Tremblay; Isabelle Marcotte ABSTRACT Several bivalve species produce byssus threads to provide attachment to substrates, with mechanical properties...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (6): 959–963.
Published: 15 March 2017
...Deeksha Seth; Brooke E. Flammang; George V. Lauder; James L. Tangorra ABSTRACT Knowledge about the stiffness of fish fins, and whether stiffness is modulated during swimming, is important for understanding the mechanics of a fin's force production. However, the mechanical properties of fins have...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (5): 703–710.
Published: 1 March 2015
... coordination between catch connective tissue and muscles through nerves. Catch apparatus Mutable collagenous tissue Nervous control Mechanical properties Sea urchin Shadow reaction * Author for correspondence ( tmotokawa@t06.itscom.net ) Competing interests The authors declare...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (21): 3971–3980.
Published: 1 November 2013
.... COMPETING INTERESTS No competing interests declared. 2 12 2012 15 7 2013 © 2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2013 mechanical properties compliance elastic energy bipedalism leaping Tendons link muscle to bone and have an important function in force...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (11): 1983–1993.
Published: 1 June 2012
... examined the material properties of fish bone, these have used a variety of techniques and there have been no direct contrasts of acellular and cellular bone. We report on a comparison of the structural and mechanical properties of the ribs and opercula between two freshwater fish – the common carp...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (6): 873–883.
Published: 15 March 2012
... , 561 – 565 . Brazee S. L. , Carrington E. ( 2006 ). Interspecific comparison of the mechanical properties of mussel byssus . Biol. Bull. 211 , 263 – 274 . Broomell C. C. , Mattoni M. A. , Zok F. W. , Waite J. H. ( 2006 ). Critical role of zinc...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (3): 479–486.
Published: 1 February 2010
..., three-point bending, and fracture tests to investigate the structural and mechanical properties of the horn sheaths from subadult cattle, Bos taurus . The effects of hydration on the mechanical properties were examined and their variations along the longitudinal direction of the horn sheath were...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (24): 3985–3993.
Published: 15 December 2009
...J. D. Currey; T. Landete-Castillejos; J. Estevez; F. Ceacero; A. Olguin; A. Garcia; L. Gallego SUMMARY We assessed the hydration state of antlers and its effect on antler mechanical properties compared with wet femur. Red deer antlers were removed from the head at various times, from a few days...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (9): 1463–1474.
Published: 1 May 2008
.... Little is known of the mechanical properties or of the mechanisms and performance consequences of specialization in these fibres. We combined morphological and physiological approaches to study specialization in the SMR and CMP fibres of the long-finned squid Doryteuthis pealeii . The mean thick filament...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (24): 4272–4278.
Published: 15 December 2007
... on a hydrostatic skeletal support system for support and movement. This change from a rigid to a hydrostatic skeletal support mechanism implies correlated changes in the function, and thus mechanical properties, of the cuticle. In particular, it must change from primarily resisting compression, bending...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (4): 628–641.
Published: 15 February 2007
... rabbits were raised on diets of different mechanical properties so as to develop an experimental model of joint function in a normal range of physiological loads. These integrative experiments are used to unravel the dynamic inter-relationships among mechanical loading, tissue adaptive plasticity, norms...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (1): 12–26.
Published: 1 January 2007
...H. Scott Rapoport; Robert E. Shadwick SUMMARY Egg capsules from two caenogastropod whelks, Busycon canaliculatum and Kelletia kelletii , were studied to investigate the genesis of mechanical properties of nascent capsules and to formulate a biomechanical model of this material. Scanning electron...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (22): 4436–4443.
Published: 15 November 2006
.... and Tsuchi, A. ( 2003 ). Dynamic mechanical properties of body-wall dermis in various mechanical states and their implications for the behavior of sea cucumbers. Biol. Bull. 205 , 261 -275. Nickel, M. ( 2004 ). Kinetics and rhythm of body contractions in the sponge Tethya wilhelma (Porifera...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (2): 320–326.
Published: 15 January 2006
... silk anaesthesia mechanical properties Anaesthetized spiders have been used to try to unravel some aspects of the silking process, such as the degree of control that a spider can exert on spinning ( Madsen and Vollrath,2000 ), since it was thought that disruption of the usual spinning process...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (2): 159–165.
Published: 15 January 2002
...I. C. Wilkie SUMMARY The mutable collagenous tissue (MCT) of echinoderms has the capacity to change its mechanical properties in a time scale of less than 1 s to a few minutes under the influence of the nervous system. Although accumulating evidence indicates that the mechanical adaptability of MCT...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1988) 134 (1): 313–332.
Published: 1 January 1988
...M. Edwin Demont; John M. Gosline ABSTRACT A non-destructive test was developed to measure the static mechanical properties of the locomotor structure (bell) in the hydromedusan jellyfish, Polyorchis penicillatus (Eschscholtz, 1829). A nonlinear stress-strain relationship was found, and the mean...