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J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (19): jeb226076.
Published: 9 October 2020
... and tissue replacement in the gills remain poorly understood. By contrast, the mammalian lung is a largely quiescent organ in adults but is capable of facultative regeneration following injury. In the course of the past decade, it has been recognized that lungs contain a population of stem or progenitor...
Lara do Amaral-Silva, Markus Lambertz, Fernando José Zara, Wilfried Klein, Luciane Helena Gargaglioni, Kênia Cardoso Bícego
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (10): jeb197970.
Published: 16 May 2019
... or partially under hypoxia (15% O 2 during days 12 to 18). Lung structures, including air capillaries, blood capillaries, infundibula, atria, parabronchial lumen, bronchi, blood vessels larger than capillaries and interparabronchial tissue, in 1- and 10-day-old chicks were analyzed using light microscopy...
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (5): 720–730.
Published: 1 March 2015
... computerized tomographic (CT) scans of live penguins were utilized to measure lung volumes, air sac volumes, tracheobronchial volumes and total body volumes at different inflation pressures in three species with different dive capacities [Adélie ( Pygoscelis adeliae ), king ( Aptenodytes patagonicus...
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (2): 171–180.
Published: 15 January 2013
...Suzanne L. Munns SUMMARY High gestational loads result in fetuses that occupy a large proportion of the body cavity and may compress maternal organs. Compression of the lungs results in alterations in breathing patterns during gestation, which may affect the energetic cost of breathing...
Fatemeh Talaei, Machteld N. Hylkema, Hjalmar R. Bouma, Ate S. Boerema, Arjen M. Strijkstra, Rob H. Henning, Martina Schmidt
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (8): 1276–1282.
Published: 15 April 2011
... of metabolism and body temperature (arousal). Remarkably, the repetitive stress of cooling–rewarming and hypoxia does not cause irreversible organ damage. To identify adaptive mechanisms protecting the lungs, we assessed histological changes as well as the expression and localization of proteins involved...
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (7): 1141–1147.
Published: 1 April 2008
... Alexander, M. R. ( 1990 ). Size, speed and buoyancy adaptations in aquatic animals. Am. Zool. 30 , 189 -196. Brainerd, E. L. ( 1999 ). New perspectives on the evolution of lung ventilation mechanisms in vertebrates. Exp. Biol. Online 4 , 1 -28. Carrier, D. R. ( 1987 ). The evolution...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (11): 1944–1959.
Published: 1 June 2007
... Limited 2007 2007 acid–base balance ventilation lung gill kidney acidosis alkalosis African lungfish Protopterus annectens The regulation of metabolic acid–base disturbances can occur through the control of ventilation and/or the direct transfer of acid–base equivalents between...
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (19): 3805–3815.
Published: 1 October 2005
...) activity on pulmonary and branchial/cutaneous gas transfer. In contrast to previous studies on Protopterus , which showed that the vast majority of CO 2 is excreted into the water through the gill and/or skin whereas O 2 uptake largely occurs via the lung, P. dolloi appeared to use the lung for the bulk...
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (15): 2663–2669.
Published: 1 July 2004
...Roger S. Seymour; Sue Runciman; Russell V. Baudinette; James T. Pearson SUMMARY Quantitative methods have been used to correlate maximal oxygen uptake with lung development in Australian pelicans. These birds produce the largest altricial neonates and become some of the largest birds capable...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (3): 415–425.
Published: 1 February 2002
...Sonya D. Johnston; Christopher B. Daniels; David Cenzato; Jeffrey A. Whitsett; Sandra Orgeig SUMMARY Pulmonary surfactant (PS), a mixture of phospholipids (PL), neutral lipids and surfactant proteins (SP), lowers surface tension within the lung, which increases lung compliance and improves...
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (23): 4031–4042.
Published: 1 December 2001
.... This study correlates the presence of surfactant proteins (SP-A, SP-B and SP-D), using immunohistochemistry, with the ex-utero development of the lung in the tammar wallaby Macropus eugenii and also investigates the control of phosphatidylcholine (PC) secretion from developing alveolar type II cells. All...
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (13): 2313–2330.
Published: 1 July 2001
...John N. Maina; Christopher Nathaniel SUMMARY The ostrich lung, with its lack of interparabronchial septa, the presence of very shallow atria and exceptional morphometric refinement, structurally resembles those of small, energetic flying birds, whereas it also displays features characteristic...
J Exp Biol (2000) 203 (20): 3045–3064.
Published: 15 October 2000
... capillary blood volume and a remarkably extensive alveolar surface area in certain species developed in a remarkably large lung. These factors were augmented by, for example, exceptionally high venous haematocrits and haemoglobin concentrations. In birds, a particularly large respiratory surface area...
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (20): 2819–2822.
Published: 15 October 1999
...P. J. Ponganis; G. L. Kooyman; R. Van Dam; Y. LeMaho ABSTRACT To evaluate blood N 2 uptake and the role of the respiratory volume (air sacs/lungs) as a N 2 and O 2 reservoir in deep-diving penguins, diving respiratory volume ( V DR), heart rate ( f H), venous , blood volume ( V b ) and hemoglobin...
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (18): 2543–2550.
Published: 15 September 1999
... the proteins associated with surfactant isolated from lung lavage of this species, and used electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry to examine the surfactant structures and the subcellular localisation of these proteins. The epithelial lining of the gas-exchange region of the lungfish lung consists of one...
J Exp Biol (1999) 202 (8): 965–975.
Published: 15 April 1999
... − –H + equilibration in blood-perfused turtle ( Pseudemys scripta ) lungs. Turtle lungs perfused in situ with red cell suspensions containing inhibitors of erythrocyte anion exchange and/or pulmonary and red cell carbonic anhydrase produced significant postcapillary blood and pH disequilibria, while...
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (15): 2063–2072.
Published: 1 January 1997
... that these bursts correspond to fluctuations in buccal and lung pressures and to bursts of activity in the buccal levator muscle H3a. This demonstrates that the rhythmic bursting activities recorded in vitro represent fictive gill and lung ventilation. To investigate the ontogeny of central respiratory...
J Exp Biol (1992) 163 (1): 297–316.
Published: 1 February 1992
... in the dorsal sinuses. These pressure pulses help drive hemolymph through the lungs. The coupled SG reversed ventilation and DVM-assisted increases in lung perfusion appear to be an adaptation to increase gas exchange at the lungs. When crabs are made hyper-or hypotensive by changes in hemolymph volume, the EMG...
J Exp Biol (1992) 163 (1): 333–344.
Published: 1 February 1992
... of the gill chambers are air-filled and function as lungs. The deep vascular parenchyma lining the upper gill chambers, or lungs, is penetrated by a regular series of fine branching airways. Scanning electron micrographs of lung architecture are shown. Measurements relating to lung structure were made...
J Exp Biol (1988) 137 (1): 53–74.
Published: 1 July 1988
... injected into the bloodstream towards the left and right atria, respectively, was used to evaluate the role of the ductus arteriosus in lung perfusion before, during and after metamorphosis, as well as the general contribution of right and left atrial outputs to the blood flow in gills and lungs...