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Keywords: locomotion
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.244676.
Published: 26 January 2023
... may be stronger than suggested by our results. * Author for correspondence: Ralphla@gmail.com 15 6 2022 11 1 2023 © 2023. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2023 http://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Behavior Locomotion Parasites Path analysis...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.245252.
Published: 26 January 2023
... reduction of CX activity after venom injection is accompanied by decreased activity of both descending interneurons projecting to thoracic locomotory circuitry (DINs) and motor output. Thus, in this study, we provide a plausible chain of events starting in the CX that leads to decreased host locomotion...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.244688.
Published: 19 January 2023
... and S. sexspinosus , respectively, coordinate their body and limbs to navigate laboratory environments which present footstep challenges and terrain rugosity. We recorded the kinematics and measured the locomotive performance of these animals traversing two rugose terrains with randomly distributed step...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (2): jeb244629.
Published: 19 January 2023
... central pattern generators, and neural commands that require sensory feedback. Muscle spindle Ia afferents play a critical role in providing sensory feedback and informing motor control strategies across legged vertebrate locomotion, which is apparent in cases where this sensory input is compromised. Here...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
JEB: 100 years of discovery
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (Suppl_1): jeb245147.
Published: 13 January 2023
... the past century and considers how those changes have influenced the nature of articles published in JEB. History Motion Locomotion Biomechanics National Science Foundation http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000001 IOS-2034043 IOS-1930886 Office of Naval Research http...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.244295.
Published: 6 January 2023
... 2023. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2023 http://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Biomechanics Functional morphology Friction Adhesion Tarsus morphology Locomotion German Science Foundation (DFG) GO 995/34-1, within the Special Priority Programme SPP 2100...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (23): jeb244083.
Published: 9 December 2022
... Endurance Force–velocity Locomotion Muscle physiology Trade-offs National Science Foundation http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000001 IOS-2038528 University of California Riverside Trade-offs, limits to adaptation and multiple solutions have long been held as cornerstones...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (22): jeb244599.
Published: 30 November 2022
... of locomotion in bottlenose dolphins . J. Exp. Biol. 225 , jeb243121 . 10.1242/jeb.243121 Au , D. and Weihs , D. ( 1980 ). At high speeds dolphins save energy by leaping . Nature 284 , 548 - 550 . 10.1038/284548a0 Bejarano , A. C. , Wells , R. S. and Costa , D...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (21): jeb244576.
Published: 31 October 2022
... individuals stop running briefly at semi-regular intervals. Intermittent running is especially common in lizards whose sprawling gait limits their ability to breathe while in motion ( Carrier, 1987 ). Using ghost crabs ( Ocypode quadrata ), Weinstein and Full (1992) showed that such intermittent locomotion...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (20): jeb244245.
Published: 24 October 2022
...Alexander S. Chockley; Gesa F. Dinges; Giulia Di Cristina; Sara Ratican; Till Bockemühl; Ansgar Büschges ABSTRACT Legged locomotion in terrestrial animals is often essential for mating and survival, and locomotor behavior must be robust and adaptable to be successful. This adaptability is largely...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (18): jeb244755.
Published: 28 September 2022
... drive metabolic energy expenditure, then they should pertain to multiple modes of locomotion and provide a simple framework for relating biomechanics to metabolic energy expenditure in bouncing gaits. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of the ‘cost of generating force’ hypothesis to link biomechanics...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (18): jeb244163.
Published: 16 September 2022
...Sarah J. Kerr; Frank E. Fish; Anthony J. Nicastro; Jenifer A. Zeligs; Stephanie Skrovan; Megan C. Leftwich ABSTRACT Pinnipedia, an order of semi-aquatic marine mammals, adapted a body design that allows for efficient aquatic locomotion but limited terrestrial locomotion. Otariids, like...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (17): jeb243972.
Published: 7 September 2022
... ). Quantitative characterization of planarian wild-type behavior as a platform for screening locomotion phenotypes . J. Exp. Biol. 214 , 1063 - 1067 . 10.1242/jeb.052290 Viaud , G. ( 1952a ). Anisotropie d'excitation galvanique et anisotropie électrique de segments et de pharynx isoles de...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (15): jeb243646.
Published: 9 August 2022
... ( frank.seebacher@sydney.edu.au ) Competing interests The authors declare no competing or financial interests. © 2022. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2022 Summary: Varying energy demands for locomotion can lead to an energy allocation trade-off between traits that may influence...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (13): jeb243828.
Published: 30 June 2022
...Takashi Hara; Shuya Hasegawa; Yasushi Iwatani; Atsuo S. Nishino ABSTRACT Swimming locomotion in aquatic vertebrates, such as fish and tadpoles, is expressed through neuron networks in the spinal cord. These networks are arranged in parallel, ubiquitously distributed and mutually coupled along...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (12): jeb243625.
Published: 14 June 2022
... the elbow out of the shoulder–hip parasagittal plane. This is especially prominent in Tamandua (Xenarthra), which suggests they employ aspects of sprawling (e.g. lizard-like) locomotion. Here, we tested whether tamanduas use sprawling forelimb kinematics, i.e. a largely immobile scapula with pronounced...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (7): jeb243817.
Published: 19 April 2022
... and locomotion in sidewinder rattlesnakes ( Crotalus cerastes ). During sidewinding locomotion, a snake lifts sections of its body up and forward while other sections maintain static ground contact. We used high-speed video to quantify whole-animal speed and acceleration; the height to which body sections...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (6): jeb243104.
Published: 18 March 2022
... reveals that equally preferable gaits do not translate into energy minimization. Metabolic cost Gait Locomotion Motor control Two-alternative forced-choice Utility theory National Institutes of Health 5T32EB009406 R01NS063399 Northwestern University http://dx.doi.org...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (Suppl_1): jeb243254.
Published: 8 March 2022
...James R. Usherwood ABSTRACT Considerable attention has been given to the spring-like behaviour of stretching and recoiling tendons, and how this can reduce the work demanded from muscle for a given loss–return cycling of mechanical energy during high-speed locomotion. However, even completely...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (Suppl_1): jeb243376.
Published: 8 March 2022
... power Suction feeding Swimming Locomotion Performance National Science Foundation http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000001 IOS-1655756 Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000268 BB/R011109/1 University of Liverpool...