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Keywords: kinetics
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (14): jeb244571.
Published: 27 July 2022
...Melody W. Young; Samantha K. Lynch; Edwin Dickinson; Allen A. Currier, III; Elizabeth C. Davoli; Christopher S. Hanna; Hannah M. Fischer; Gianluca A. DiUbaldi; Michael C. Granatosky ABSTRACT The biomechanical demands of arboreal locomotion are generally thought to necessitate specialized kinetic...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (24): jeb235226.
Published: 15 December 2020
... dormancy. Transitions into dormancy vary slightly, where tautog will make short migrations to overwintering habitats while cunner overwinter in year-round habitats. To understand how muscle function changes with temperature, we held fish for 4 weeks at either 5 or 20°C and then ran muscle kinetic...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (16): jeb204107.
Published: 23 August 2019
... from duty factor, though show an approximate 50:50 front:back impulse distribution, suggesting symmetry may be beneficial for injury avoidance. Biomechanics Horse Gallop Force Kinetics The horse ( Equus caballus ) has evolved to be a fast and efficient ( Self Davies et al., 2019...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (6): jeb189654.
Published: 21 March 2019
... of arboreal locomotion: the effects of substrate diameter on locomotor kinetics in the gray short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica) . J. Exp. Biol.   207 , 4325 - 4336 . 10.1242/jeb.01231 Lammers , A. R. and Gauntner , T. ( 2008 ). Mechanics of torque generation during quadrupedal...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (17): 3039–3052.
Published: 1 September 2017
... profiles during walking and climbing across a range of body sizes in primates indicates that as body size increases, a greater functional differentiation of the limbs is exhibited. Hindlimb Forelimb Peak force Impulse force Kinetics Climbing, often on vertical supports, is a crucial...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (9): 1729–1736.
Published: 1 May 2017
... and numerical fluid flow simulation reveals that humans modulate upper limb joint work in water just as they do at the lower limb on land. Swimming Kinetics Load Inverse dynamics Computational fluid dynamics Humans move in water, sometimes undulating ventrally and ricocheting at the surface...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (19): 3163–3173.
Published: 1 October 2016
... (semimembranosus and plantaris) vary widely across taxa and show correlations to locomotor performance, particularly jumping performance. Amphibian Contractile Kinetics Muscular Evolution Frog Initial data collection yielded a substantial raw dataset, with potential use beyond this study...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (4): 485–490.
Published: 15 February 2016
... movement in small birds; however, reducing the cost of locomotion is only a secondary movement criterion. Avian locomotion Charadriiform birds Kinetics Optimization Leg work The locomotion of small birds is characterized by a crouched posture. This posture could, for example, relate...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (16): 3047–3054.
Published: 15 August 2013
... and kinetics. Consistent with previous research, the spatiotemporal variables showed a sudden switch from walking to running in one transition step. During this step there was a sudden increase in forward speed, the so-called speed jump (0.42 m s −1 ). At total body level, this was reflected in a sudden...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (10): 1938–1948.
Published: 15 May 2013
... expresses two AANAT2 transcripts displaying high similarity between them and with trout Oncorhynchus mykiss AANAT2, differing by only two amino acid sites. We compared the kinetics and 3D models of these enzymes as well as of a chimeric construct, particularly with regard to their response to temperature...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (10): 1576–1591.
Published: 15 May 2009
... impact of such `compensatory' growth trajectories within the context of developmental changes in locomotor behavior. I used standard kinematic and kinetic techniques to investigate the ontogenetic scaling of joint postures, substrate reaction forces, joint load arm lengths and external joint moments...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (6): 860–865.
Published: 15 March 2008
... coral isotopic enrichment uptake kinetics dissolved free amino acid Coral reefs constitute a paradoxical ecosystem: they display a high gross primary productivity ( Sorokin,1993 ), whereas they thrive in oligotrophic environments containing sub-micromolar nutrient concentrations( Bythell...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (8): 1413–1423.
Published: 15 April 2007
... that such sophisticated fliers would be troubled by the relatively clumsy swerving squirrel. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: K.E.Paskins@bath.ac.uk ) 12 2 2007 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2007 2007 flying squirrels Glaucomys sabrinus jumping gliding kinetics substrate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (6): 993–1009.
Published: 15 March 2005
... semi-erect condition. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: reilly@ohiou.edu ) 21 12 2004 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2005 2005 locomotion kinematics kinetics bone strain motor patterns alligator Terrestrial tetrapods use diverse limb postures during...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (26): 4515–4524.
Published: 15 December 2004
... to reduce their body volume by up to 73.3% during regular contractions. Each contraction cycle follows a characteristic pattern of four phases, permitting analysis of the kinetics of contraction and expansion. Long-term observations (for >7 days) reveal that the sponge contractions display a day-night...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (3): 553–563.
Published: 22 January 2004
... of Biological Sciences, Clemson University,Clemson, SC 29634, USA 29 10 2003 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2004 2004 locomotion kinetics limb function tail-dragging ground reaction force Alligator mississippiensis The role of tails in tetrapod locomotion has been...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (1): 95–112.
Published: 1 January 2004
... of acclimation temperature( T A ). The products of locus Ldh-B comprise only 14–19% (depending on the tissue) of total LDH activities and,consequently, differences between phenotypes are negligible in terms of their effect on LDH total performance. No kinetic( \batchmode \documentclass[fleqn,10pt,legalpaper...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (12): 2021–2029.
Published: 15 June 2003
.... Studies of metabolism have traditionally been conducted within what can considered as the kinetic paradigm provided by `solution biochemistry'; i.e. the rates of enzymatic reactions are studied in terms of their regulation by mass-action and allosteric effectors and, most recently, metabolic control...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (8): 1379–1388.
Published: 15 April 2003
... kinematics kinetics locomotion opossum Monodelphis domestica marsupial Cursorially adapted vertebrates employ two basic patterns of locomotor mechanics that permit some degree of energy saving( Blickhan and Full, 1987 ; Cavagna et al., 1977 ; Heglund et al., 1982 ; Reilly and Biknevicius...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (1): 141–150.
Published: 1 January 2002
.... Putative roles of zinc transporters and/or intracellular-binding proteins are discussed. The intestine and gill are the two major uptake routes for Zn(II) in fish. Kinetic analysis of branchial Zn(II) uptake has been performed previously in rainbow trout. The J max of intestinal Zn(II) uptake...