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Keywords: evolution
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (7): jeb227348.
Published: 1 April 2022
... by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2022 Summary: Similarities among and differences between venom glands of helodermatid lizards and snakes are presented, indicating areas where future studies can contribute to the understanding of these ancient, fascinating secretory systems. Evolution Non-model...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (Suppl_1): jeb243235.
Published: 8 March 2022
... searched the literature for evidence of the use of asymmetrical gaits across extant gnathostomes, and from this sample ( n =308 species) modeled the evolution of asymmetrical gaits assuming four different scenarios. Our analysis shows strongest support for an evolutionary model where asymmetrical gaits...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (11): jeb242244.
Published: 10 June 2021
... and by substrate particle characteristics, being enhanced by narrow heads and bodies and in fine particles. Evolution Burrowing Penetration force Phenotypic evolution Physical model Substrates composed of granular media dominate the Earth and are an important habitat for many animals ( European...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (11): jeb241943.
Published: 4 June 2021
... Agnatha Steroidogenesis Evolution Lampreys (Petromyzontiformes) are a basal order of vertebrates within the superclass of jawless vertebrates, Agnatha, that includes the extant representatives hagfishes and lampreys. The sea lamprey ( Petromyzon marinus ) is an anadromous fish (exhibiting...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (9): jeb242336.
Published: 4 May 2021
.... Neurol. 21 , 1155 - 1168 . 10.1002/neu.480210802 Bass , A. H. and Baker , R. ( 1991 ). Evolution of homologous vocal control traits . Brain Behav. Evol. 38 , 240 - 254 . 10.1159/000114391 Bass , A. H. and Baker , R. ( 1997 ). Phenotypic specification...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (7): jeb231712.
Published: 15 April 2021
...Kelly E. South; Bernhard Klingenberg; Elizabeth C. Leininger ABSTRACT Characterizing sex and species differences in muscle physiology can contribute to a better understanding of proximate mechanisms underlying behavioral evolution. In Xenopus , the laryngeal muscle's ability to contract rapidly...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (6): jeb237891.
Published: 15 March 2021
...Nathaly Hernández-Díaz; Francisca Leal; Martha Patricia Ramírez-Pinilla ABSTRACT An exceptional case of parallel evolution between lizards and eutherian mammals occurs in the evolution of viviparity. In the lizard genus Mabuya , viviparity provided the environment for the evolution of yolk-reduced...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (17): jeb207324.
Published: 6 September 2020
... Reproduction Evolution Neural substrates Few decisions in life are more consequential for individual fitness than choosing a mate. Mate choice (see Glossary) is the result of selectively mating with only some individuals of the opposite sex, whose members compete for fertilization opportunities...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (15): jeb219865.
Published: 13 August 2020
..., such as corticosterone, affect an organism's ability to overcome such challenges. We hypothesized that changes in the glucocorticoid response curve contribute to the evolution of increased performance during challenging conditions, and tested it on bank voles ( Myodes glareolus ) from a multidirectional artificial...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (15): jeb223974.
Published: 11 August 2020
... This work was supported by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet; 2018-03472). Uncoupling protein 1 Endothermy Evolution Brown adipose tissue Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a unique organ among eutherian mammals that is responsible for augmenting heat production during cold stress...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (14): jeb224360.
Published: 28 July 2020
...Nathan E. Thompson ABSTRACT The origin and evolution of knuckle-walking has long been a key focus in understanding African ape, including human, origins. Yet, despite numerous studies documenting morphological characteristics potentially associated with knuckle-walking, little quantitative three...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (4): jeb196352.
Published: 26 February 2020
... all endogenous antioxidant enzymes appeared shortly after life began, some 3.8 billion years ago, when RSS metabolism dominated evolution. This was long before the rise in ROS, 600 million years ago, and I propose that these same enzymes, with only minor modifications, still effectively metabolize RSS...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (Suppl_1): jeb208215.
Published: 1 February 2020
... channels with a common Orco subunit, unlike the G-protein-coupled olfactory receptors found in vertebrates. Remarkable progress has recently been made in understanding the evolution, development and function of insect odorant receptor neurons (ORNs). These studies have uncovered the diversity of olfactory...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (Suppl_1): jeb209296.
Published: 1 February 2020
... span and aging of African annual fishes along an aridity gradient . Evolution 71 , 386 - 402 . 10.1111/evo.13127 Carneiro , M. C. , Henriques , C. M. , Nabais , J. , Ferreira , T. , Carvalho , T. and Ferreira , M. G. ( 2016 ). Short telomeres in key tissues...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (22): jeb210294.
Published: 21 November 2019
... insects. Acid–base balance Ontogeny Odonata Rectal gill Respiratory acidosis Evolution The changes in blood acid–base balance that occur when an animal transitions from breathing water to breathing air were first established from studies on vertebrates – in particular, the amphibians...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (18): jeb201459.
Published: 18 September 2019
... high loads. We found that the cross-sectional properties of the bones of V. exanthematicus are well suited for performing under torsional loads. These findings suggest that torsional loading regimes may have played a more important role in the evolution of cranial kinesis in lepidosaurs than previously...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (14): jeb190470.
Published: 15 July 2019
... in intestinal tissue mass and digestive enzyme capacities of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) . Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A   141 , 450 - 460 . 10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.06.002 Kumar , S. and Hedges , S. B. ( 1998 ). A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution . Nature   392 , 917 - 920...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (9): jeb199844.
Published: 2 May 2019
..., enabling them to increase foraging gain with reduced effort. Foraging strategy Spatial learning and memory Social hymenoptera Evolution Behavioural ecology Minimising foraging effort without compromising foraging gain is a perpetual challenge for foraging animals. Learning and memorising...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (3): jeb151092.
Published: 9 February 2018
... of neuropeptides identified in a range of phyla has presented a huge challenge for comparative physiologists. Here, we review revolutionary insights into the evolution of neuropeptide signalling that have been obtained recently through comparative analysis of genome/transcriptome sequence data...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (1): jeb166876.
Published: 11 January 2018
... References Angilletta , M. J. , Niewiarowski , P. H. and Navas , C. A. ( 2002 ). The evolution of thermal physiology in ectotherms . J. Therm. Biol.   27 , 249 - 268 . 10.1016/S0306-4565(01)00094-8 Arnold , S. J. ( 1988 ). Genetic correlation and the evolution of physiology...