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Keywords: energy balance
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (6): jeb242199.
Published: 22 March 2021
... ). For instance, basking lizards that inhabit open and dry areas are usually in contact with hot and dry air, which increases their metabolic rate ( Christian and Bedford, 1995 ), thereby increasing the loss of pulmonary and cutaneous water, resulting in a considerable risk of desiccation. Energy balance...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (8): jeb218479.
Published: 16 April 2020
.... Almundarij; Diane Lorton; Colleen M. Novak ABSTRACT Non-shivering thermogenesis can promote negative energy balance and weight loss. In this study, we identified a contextual stimulus that induces rapid and robust thermogenesis in skeletal muscle. Rats exposed to the odor of a natural predator (ferret...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (Suppl_1): jeb165381.
Published: 7 March 2018
...Katharina Braun; Josef Oeckl; Julia Westermeier; Yongguo Li; Martin Klingenspor; Raul K. Suarez; Hans H. Hoppeler ABSTRACT The enormous plasticity of adipose tissues, to rapidly adapt to altered physiological states of energy demand, is under neuronal and endocrine control. In energy balance...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (4): 607–614.
Published: 15 February 2017
...-body energy reserves and feeding experience. Poultry Appetite Energy status Hypothalamus Energy balance The hypothalamus is a processing centre that integrates signals from the brain, peripheral circulation and gastrointestinal tract to regulate energy intake and expenditure. Two...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3866–3877.
Published: 1 December 2015
... of reefs are likely to affect the fluxes of organic matter between reefs and the open ocean. Energy balance Heterotrophic feeding Lipid stores Stable isotope analyses Photosynthesis Scleractinian corals Nutritional symbioses promote efficient recycling of nutrients in terrestrial...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (2): 180–184.
Published: 15 January 2014
... leptin Chicken leptin receptor Leptin antagonist Energy balance The mammalian leptin receptor (LEPR) ( Tartaglia et al., 1995 ), a class I cytokine receptor, was cloned a year after discovering its ligand, the satiety hormone leptin ( Zhang et al., 1994 ). LEPR and leptin play a key role...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (12): 2328–2338.
Published: 15 June 2013
... No competing interests declared. 26 7 2012 31 1 2013 © 2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2013 energy balance reproductive performance programming food intake activity growth compensation Lactation is widely recognised to be the most energy-demanding phase...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (14): 2399–2409.
Published: 15 July 2010
... energy balance heterotrophic feeding lipid stores scleractinian coral photoacclimation photosynthesis Nutritional symbioses are widespread in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, and involve a diversity of different host and symbiont taxa ( Saffo, 1992 ). Many insects that subsist on poor...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (11): 2013–2024.
Published: 1 June 2007
... to 0.98 kJ g –1 d –1 , whereas daily energy expenditure slightly increased from 2.09 to 2.25 kJ g –1 d –1 . Costs of running decreased from 2.3 to 1.6 kJ km –1 between baseline and workload conditions. At high workloads, animals were in a negative energy balance, resulting in a sharp reduction in fat mass...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (3): 571–584.
Published: 1 February 2005
...E. Król; P. Redman; P. J. Thomson; R. Williams; C. Mayer; J. G. Mercer; J. R. Speakman SUMMARY Many small mammals respond to seasonal changes in photoperiod by altering body mass and adiposity. These animals may provide valuable models for understanding the regulation of energy balance. Here, we...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (19): 3349–3359.
Published: 1 October 2003
... © The Company of Biologists Limited 2003 2003 nitrogen balance energy balance food quality arthropod consumption hummingbird green-backed firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes Chile Floral nectars exploited by hummingbirds are rich in water and carbohydrates, but contain only traces...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (1): 109–120.
Published: 1 January 2002
... Calidris alpina dunlin shorebird wader energy balance rainfall winter storm Tomales Bay Bolinas Lagoon. The energy requirements of free-living birds generally exceed the existence metabolism (EM) of caged birds, because of the costs of foraging, flying to and from roost sites, and avoiding...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (18): 3183–3187.
Published: 15 September 2001
... training with simultaneous consumption of carbohydrate-rich food during exercise. Endurance athletes have an increased fat-free mass and can maintain energy balance at a PAL value of 4.0–5.0. High altitude limits exercise performance as a result of combined effects on nutrient supply and the capacity...