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J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (1): 17–25.
Published: 1 January 2016
... freezing at −20°C. Cold-hardening markedly increased hemolymph osmolality, as well as hemolymph levels of free proline, total amino acids and proteins. Cold-hardiness Cholesterol Free amino acids Proline Glycerol Cryoprotection Many temperate and polar insects avoid chilling and freezing...
Michael A. Elnitsky, Joshua B. Benoit, Giancarlo Lopez-Martinez, David L. Denlinger, Richard E. Lee, Jr
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (17): 2864–2871.
Published: 1 September 2009
... was observed in another Antarctic invertebrate, the collembolan Cryptopygus antarcticus , during exposure to hyperosmotic seawater( Hawes et al., 2008 ). * Author for correspondence( email@example.com ) 8 6 2009 2009 osmotic stress dehydration cold-hardiness Antarctica...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (14): 2115–2124.
Published: 15 July 2002
...Jason B. Williams; Joseph D. Shorthouse; Richard E. Lee, Jr SUMMARY Four species of cynipid wasp of the genus Diplolepis that induce galls on roses ( Rosa species) in southern Canada and two species of inquiline cynipid associated with these galls were studied for their cold-hardiness...