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Keywords: climbing
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (19): jeb226266.
Published: 7 October 2020
... for 4 min after it ascended to the platform. If the insect climbed down the vertical rod, the experimenter would restart the trial by letting the insect walk onto a small rod, and then reversed the rod to allow the insect to walk back to the vertical rod in a head-up orientation. Once on the platform...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (14): jeb220319.
Published: 30 July 2020
... four kinematic variables but without grouping them into identified gait patterns (progressive, non-progressive). Horizontal crawling was significantly dependent on the substrate ( F 1,149 =3.231, P= 0.0004). Vertical climbing also significantly depended on the substrate ( F 1,308 =9.023, P...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (13): jeb173856.
Published: 1 July 2018
... it is achieved under the different loading conditions that occur during upright and upside-down climbing. Our hypothesis was that proleg grip release is controlled by active neural control, and release from the substrate in the upside-down orientation requires an increase in the duration or firing frequency...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3978–3986.
Published: 1 December 2015
... undulation on the most surfaces, including a vertical cylinder with pegs only 1 mm high. Overall, B. constrictor was the slowest and used the most concertina locomotion, but this species climbed steep, smooth surfaces faster than P. guttatus . Our results illustrate how morphology and two different aspects...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (22): 3678–3688.
Published: 1 November 2015
... in wind tunnels with limited maneuvering, and without analysis of echolocation behavior. In this study, we engaged insectivorous big brown bats in a task requiring simultaneous turning and climbing flight, and used synchronized high-speed motion-tracking cameras and audio recordings to quantify...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (3): 340–352.
Published: 1 February 2015
... of three stick insect species with different body proportions, but similar feeding ecology: Carausius morosus, Aretaon asperrimus and Medauroidea extradentata (= Cuniculina impigra ). In order to co-vary locomotory context, we introduced a gradually increasing demand for climbing by varying the height...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (18): 3242–3253.
Published: 15 September 2014
... and tethered walking animals on horizontal surfaces. Here, we investigate the efficiency of this mechanism in spatial limb co-ordination of unrestrained climbing animals. For this, we recorded whole-body kinematics of freely climbing stick insects and analysed foot placement in 3D space. We found that touch...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (10): 1455–1462.
Published: 15 May 2009
...-bodied larval stage of Manduca sexta . We found that crawling and climbing are accomplished using the same movements,with both segment timing and proleg lift indistinguishable in horizontal and vertical locomotion. Minor differences were detected in stride length and in the delay between crawls, which...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (21): 3862–3872.
Published: 1 November 2007
... ). Climbing. In Functional Vertebrate Morphology (ed. M. Hildebrand,D. M. Bramble, K. F. Liem and D. B. Wake), pp. 73 -88. Cambridge: Belknap Press. Conant, R. ( 1975 ). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America . Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Delciellos...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (15): 2990–3000.
Published: 1 August 2006
...Daniel I. Goldman; Tao S. Chen; Daniel M. Dudek; Robert J. Full SUMMARY Rapid, vertically climbing cockroaches produced climbing dynamics similar to geckos, despite differences in attachment mechanism, `foot or toe'morphology and leg number. Given the common pattern in such diverse species,we...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (2): 260–272.
Published: 15 January 2006
...K. Autumn; S. T. Hsieh; D. M. Dudek; J. Chen; C. Chitaphan; R. J. Full SUMMARY Geckos with adhesive toe pads rapidly climb even smooth vertical surfaces. We challenged geckos ( Hemidactylus garnotii ) to climb up a smooth vertical track that contained a force platform. Geckos climbed vertically...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (8): 1097–1113.
Published: 15 April 2002
..., and (ii) climbing on vertical (plant) surfaces. Contact angle measurements at the underside of the tarsi have revealed that, irrespective of tarsus width, all the investigated species are well supported by the surface of water while walking on it. The main selective demands driving the widening...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (9): 1963–1976.
Published: 1 September 1995
...C. Duch; H. J. Pflüger ABSTRACT The motor patterns of the locust’s flexor tibiae and metathoracic subcoxal joint muscles were compared during unrestrained horizontal walking, vertical climbing and walking upside-down hanging from a branch. Combining anatomical and structural data with the results...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 155 (1): 103–125.
Published: 1 January 1991
...Gavin Hanna; W. Jon P. Barnes ABSTRACT The mechanisms by which the toe pads of tree frogs adhere to and detach from surfaces during climbing have been studied in Osteopilus septentrionalis and other tree frogs using a variety of techniques. The experiments on attachment lend general support...