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Keywords: central pattern generator
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (20): jeb228114.
Published: 26 October 2020
... . Science   344 , 97 - 101 . 10.1126/science.1249964 Blitz , D. M. and Nusbaum , M. P. ( 2008 ). State-dependent presynaptic inhibition regulates central pattern generator feedback to descending inputs . J. Neurosci.   28 , 9564 - 9574 . 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3011-08.2008 Blitz...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (8): jeb195388.
Published: 26 April 2019
...Stav Talal; Amir Ayali; Eran Gefen ABSTRACT Large insects actively ventilate their tracheal system even at rest, using abdominal pumping movements, which are controlled by a central pattern generator (CPG) in the thoracic ganglia. We studied the effects of respiratory gases on the ventilatory...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Cardiology articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb199190.
Published: 1 March 2019
...Dahlia Kushinsky; Ekaterina O. Morozova; Eve Marder ABSTRACT The heart and pyloric rhythms of crustaceans have been studied separately and extensively over many years. Local and hormonal neuromodulation and sensory inputs into these central pattern generator circuits play a significant role...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (7): jeb175687.
Published: 29 March 2018
... behaviour and ecdysis . J. Exp. Biol.   212 , 453 - 459 . 10.1242/jeb.023879 Ayali , A. , Zilberstein , Y. and Cohen , N. ( 2002 ). The locust frontal ganglion: a central pattern generator network controlling foregut rhythmic motor patterns . J. Exp. Biol.   205 , 2825 - 2832...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (6): jeb174722.
Published: 15 March 2018
... explain the mechanistic basis of discontinuous gas exchange cycles in locusts. Tracheal system Insects Active ventilation Spiracles Electromyogram Central pattern generator Discontinuous gas exchange (DGE) has been the most studied gas exchange pattern in insects since it was discovered...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (7): 1233–1244.
Published: 1 April 2017
... between facilitation and augmentation’ below). Rhythmic behaviors are generated by the activity of multifunctional neural circuits (central pattern generators: CPGs). Higher order central nervous system inputs, sensory inputs and hormones alter the output of CPG circuits to enable adaptation...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 856–867.
Published: 1 March 2017
... of the hindbrain vocal circuit accompany call pattern divergence during speciation in African clawed frogs. Central pattern generator Vocalization Communication Xenopus Evolution Motor The complex temporal dynamics of motor patterns arise from finely tuned circuits in the central nervous...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (2): 227–236.
Published: 15 January 2017
... between free and fictive locomotor dynamics revealed very similar swimming frequencies for similarly sized animals, including a comparable developmental decrease of the swimming frequency. Body morphology and the motor output rhythm of the spinal central pattern generator therefore develop concurrently...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (8): 1110–1121.
Published: 15 April 2016
...Géraldine von Uckermann; François M. Lambert; Denis Combes; Hans Straka; John Simmers ABSTRACT During swimming in the amphibian Xenopus laevis , efference copies of rhythmic locomotor commands produced by the spinal central pattern generator (CPG) can drive extraocular motor output appropriate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3950–3961.
Published: 1 December 2015
... gastric mill (chewing) and pyloric (filtering of food) central pattern generators. In vitro , the pyloric rhythm is stereotyped with little variation, but inter-circuit interactions and neuromodulation can alter both rhythm cycle frequency and structure. The range of variation of activity in vivo...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (18): 2905–2917.
Published: 1 September 2015
... Ltd 2015 Summary: Crustaceans typically possess multiple pyrokinins; in the lobster, all isoforms tested similarly activated the gastric mill rhythm, suggesting that the pyrokinin receptor(s) in the stomatogastric nervous system is relatively promiscuous. Central pattern generator...
Journal Articles
In collection:
Cardiology articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (18): 2892–2904.
Published: 1 September 2015
... modulates cardiac activity, suggesting high isoform specificity of the pyrokinin receptor(s) in this tissue. Central pattern generator Neuromodulation Neuropeptide The central pattern generator (CPG)-effector systems of invertebrates have previously and continue to provide valuable...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (2): 285–297.
Published: 15 January 2015
... locomotion may be achieved by connections between central pattern generator (CPG) networks controlling each leg, by inter-leg afferent signals, and by mechanical coupling among legs during stance. Inter-leg couplings are likely to differ among species, and may depend on locomotive context ( Dürr et al., 2004...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (24): 4423–4431.
Published: 15 December 2014
... of NO in the swimmeret central pattern-generating circuits. Further physiological and morphological analyses are needed to clarify the functional role of NO in the crayfish swimmeret system. Experiments were performed on female crayfish Procambarus clarkii Girard 1852 of 6–9 cm body length from rostrum...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (19): 3394–3402.
Published: 1 October 2012
.... Results from neurophysiological recordings indicate that there may be a central pattern generator (CPG) within the ventricular ganglia regulated by descending inhibition, and the addition of Scg-AST-6 dose-dependently modulates this ventricular ganglion CPG. This work provides a comprehensive picture...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (17): 3028–3036.
Published: 1 September 2012
... to generate crawling. * Author for correspondence ( crisp@stolaf.edu ) 8 12 2011 2 5 2012 © 2012. 2012 cAMP calcium-dependent potassium conductance central pattern generator Dopamine (DA) is known to play an impressive and universal role in the control of animal...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (11): 1884–1891.
Published: 1 June 2012
... number of cycles from the onset of imposed leg motions until entrainment as a function of ω i /ω 0 in bins of 0.2 Hz. Shaded areas represent statistical significance when comparing the number of cycles needed to entrain the central pattern generator using front leg versus hind leg stepping (light grey...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (3): 435–441.
Published: 1 February 2012
... of California, 900 University Avenue, Riverside, CA 92521, USA tail autotomy leopard gecko central pattern generator lizard predator avoidance Autotomy is the loss of an appendage (in whole, or part thereof) in response to mechanical and/or visual stimulation related to such factors...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (13): 2266–2272.
Published: 1 July 2010
.... * Author for correspondence ( geger@umich.edu ) 15 3 2010 © 2010. 2010 mastication central pattern generator motor behavior rhythm Mastication, like locomotion and respiration, is a rhythmic behavior found among many if not most mammalian species. According...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (7): 1182–1194.
Published: 1 April 2010
...@upr.edu ) 8 12 2009 © 2010. 2010 central pattern generator driver potential bursting B67 conditional synchrony conditional rhythmicity buccal ganglion The ability of neuromodulators to broadly influence and reconfigure multifunctional motor circuits is well established...