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J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (21): 3711–3722.
Published: 1 November 2012
... the relative contributions of lower and higher frequency signals of cat ankle extensors (soleus, medial and lateral gastrocnemii, plantaris) during level, downslope and upslope walking and the paw-shake response. This was done using the first two myoelectric signal principal components (PCI, PCII), explaining...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (4): 642–654.
Published: 15 February 2007
... the correlation between size and posture of mammalian limbs, we quantified the scaling relationships between mass and limb dimensions and kinematics during walking of nine species within the felid(cat) clade, which has qualitatively similar limb design. We studied the domestic cat, serval, ocelot, lynx, leopard...
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (20): 3645–3655.
Published: 15 October 2003
...Motoshi Kaya; Tim Leonard; Walter Herzog SUMMARY We studied force-sharing behavior between the cat medial gastrocnemius (MG)and soleus (SOL) muscles by direct measurement of the muscle forces and electromyographic activities (EMGs), muscle lengths, speeds of contraction,joint kinematics...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (24): 3877–3889.
Published: 15 December 2002
.... The present study examined whether a relationship exists between maximum takeoff velocity(TOV) and several carefully chosen morphological and physiological traits in domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus ). Based on the contributions of extensor muscle work to increasing the kinetic and potential energy...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (3): 359–369.
Published: 1 February 2002
... and fast myotomal muscles were measured in the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss . These two muscle fibre types generated distinct low and high myoelectric frequency bands. The cat paw-shake is an activity that recruits mainly fast muscle. This study showed that the myoelectric signal from the medial...
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (4): 801–814.
Published: 1 April 1996
...B. I. Prilutsky; W. Herzog; T. L. Allinger ABSTRACT Electrical activity, forces, power and work of the soleus (SO), the gastrocnemius (GA) and the plantaris (PL) muscles were measured during locomotion in the cat in order to study the functional role of these ankle extensor muscles. Forces...
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (4): 975–987.
Published: 1 April 1995
...A. C. Guimaraes; W. Herzog; T. L. Allinger; Y. T. Zhang ABSTRACT The relationship between force and electromyographic (EMG) signals of the cat soleus muscle was obtained for three animals during locomotion at five different speeds (154 steps), using implanted EMG electrodes and a force transducer...
J Exp Biol (1994) 196 (1): 109–121.
Published: 1 November 1994
.... , Fong , A. and Macleod , C. L. ( 1991 ). The expression of several T cell specific and novel genes are repressed by trans-acting factors in immature T-lymphoma clones . J. exp. Med. 174 , 269 – 280 . 10.1084/jem.174.1.269 arginine amino acid transport CAT lysine Two...
J Exp Biol (1994) 193 (1): 49–64.
Published: 1 August 1994
...A. C. Guimaraes; W. Herzog; M. Hulliger; Y. T. Zhang; S. Day ABSTRACT The effects of changing the length of the cat soleus muscle on electromyographic (EMG) signals, muscle force and the corresponding EMG–force relationship were assessed using distributed stimulation of ten ventral root filaments...
J Exp Biol (1994) 191 (1): 19–36.
Published: 1 June 1994
... in freely moving cats. Gastrocnemius forces were always larger than peak plantaris or soleus forces. Also, peak gastrocnemius forces typically occurred first after paw contact, followed by peak soleus and then peak plantaris forces. Furthermore, it was found that variations in muscular force–time histories...
J Exp Biol (1994) 186 (1): 75–93.
Published: 1 January 1994
...) and force of the cat soleus muscle to assess the EMG–force relationship. A protocol consisting of addition and rate modulation of ten VR filaments that contain alpha motoneurones to the soleus muscle was adopted. EMG was measured using indwelling electrodes and forces were measured at the distal tendon...
J Exp Biol (1990) 153 (1): 85–104.
Published: 1 October 1990
...K. F. So; G. Campbell; A. R. Lieberman ABSTRACT This review is concerned with the development of the mammalian retinogeniculate projection from the perspective of our studies on the hamster and to a lesser extent on the cat. In these, and other mammalian species, axons from the two eyes initially...