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Keywords: butterfly
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (13): jeb220350.
Published: 7 July 2020
... is not well understood. The small white butterfly, Pieris rapae , has been demonstrated to exploit foliar polarized reflections, specifically the degree of linear polarization (DoLP), to recognize host plants. The well-described visual system of P. rapae includes several photoreceptor types (red, green, blue...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
In collection:
Neuroethology
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (1): jeb191957.
Published: 1 January 2019
...Finlay J. Stewart; Michiyo Kinoshita; Kentaro Arikawa ABSTRACT The swallowtail butterfly Papilio xuthus can perceive the linear polarization of light. Using a novel polarization projection system, we recently demonstrated that P. xuthus can detect visual motion based on polarization contrast...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (11): 1725–1732.
Published: 1 June 2015
..., whether the use of parallax information is confined to specialised behaviours like these or represents a more general purpose sensory capability, is an open question. We investigate this issue in the foraging swallowtail butterfly Papilio xuthus , which we trained to associate a target presented...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (17): 2816–2822.
Published: 1 September 2011
.... ( 2004 ). The relations between the patterns of gas exchange and water loss in diapausing pupae of large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) . Eur. J. Entomol. 101 , 467 - 472 . Jõgar K. , Metspalu L. , Hiiesaar K. , Luik A. , Martin A.-J. , Mänd...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (21): 3533–3541.
Published: 1 November 2009
... of the acoustic stimulus into a neural signal. The tropical butterfly Morpho peleides has an oval-shaped membrane at the base of the forewing with an unusual dome in the middle of the structure. We are testing the hypothesis that this unconventional anatomical arrangement determines the mechanical tuning...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (3): 361–369.
Published: 1 February 2008
...Marilou P. Sison-Mangus; Adriana D. Briscoe; Guillermo Zaccardi; Helge Knüttel; Almut Kelber SUMMARY The functional significance of gene duplication is rarely addressed at the level of animal behavior. Butterflies are excellent models in this regard because they can be trained and the use...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (5): 788–799.
Published: 1 March 2007
... and spectral properties. Here we investigate the extent to which Costa Rican butterflies of the family Nymphalidae exhibit polarized wing reflectance and evaluate the types of habitats in which the trait is commonly found. We also examine the degree of polarized reflectance of wing patterns in representative...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (16): 3079–3090.
Published: 15 August 2006
...Marilou P. Sison-Mangus; Gary D. Bernard; Jochen Lampel; Adriana D. Briscoe SUMMARY Although previous investigations have shown that wing coloration is an important component of social signaling in butterflies, the contribution of opsin evolution to sexual wing color dichromatism and interspecific...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (10): 1944–1955.
Published: 15 May 2006
... expressed in it. We show here, through behavioral experiments, that the nymphalid butterfly Heliconius erato , although it expresses short and medium wavelength opsins and only one long wavelength opsin, discriminates colors in the long-wavelength range (590 nm, 620 nm and 640 nm), whereas another nymphalid...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (9): 1479–1486.
Published: 1 April 2004
...Motohiro Wakakuwa; Koichi Ozaki; Kentaro Arikawa SUMMARY We recently identified a novel retinoid binding protein, Papilio RBP, in the soluble fraction of the eye homogenate of the butterfly Papilio xuthus , and demonstrated that the protein is involved in the visual cycle. We now have localized...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (16): 2787–2793.
Published: 15 August 2003
...Xudong Qiu; Kentaro Arikawa SUMMARY The compound eye of the small white butterfly Pieris rapae crucivora contains three anatomically distinct types of ommatidia. They differ in pigmentation around the rhabdom, colour of tapetal reflection and violet light-induced autofluorescence, indicating...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (8): 1077–1085.
Published: 15 April 2002
...Doekele G. Stavenga SUMMARY The eye shine of butterflies from a large number of ommatidia was observed with a modified epi-illumination apparatus equipped with an objective lens of large numerical aperture. A few representative cases are presented: the satyrine Bicyclus anynana , the heliconian...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (14): 2469–2480.
Published: 15 July 2001
...Almut Kelber; Christel Thunell; Kentaro Arikawa SUMMARY Butterflies of the genus Papilio have polarisation-sensitive photoreceptors in all regions of the eye, and different spectral types of receptor are sensitive to different e-vector orientations. We have studied the consequences of this eye...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (14): 2447–2459.
Published: 15 July 2001
...Helge Knüttel; Konrad Fiedler SUMMARY We report on the first case in which sequestered secondary plant compounds determine an insect’s external appearance in the ultraviolet spectrum and thereby influence visually mediated mate choice. Larvae of the common blue butterfly Polyommatus icarus...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1992) 171 (1): 247–259.
Published: 1 October 1992
...TOSHIO ICHIKAWA The influence of interactions between the antagonistic centre and surround areas of receptive fields on the electrical activities of medulla neurones was examined in the larval swallowtail butterfly Papilio xuthus . Weak signals from the surround had a significant depressive effect...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 161 (1): 171–199.
Published: 1 November 1991
...T. MADDESS; R. A. DUBOIS; M. R. IBBOTSON Wide-field direction-selective neurones from the optic lobes of the butterfly Papilio aegeus show some properties similar to those displayed by the large neurones of the fly lobula plate. Temporal and spatial frequency threshold tuning curves show...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 161 (1): 77–95.
Published: 1 November 1991
...A. K. BRODSKY High-speed filming has been used to investigate the performance of the peacock butterfly Inachis io while flying in a wind-tunnel. The wake of the butterfly in ‘feeding’ flight is a system of discrete pairs of vortex rings: in each pair the vortex rings are coupled at right angles...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 159 (1): 335–357.
Published: 1 September 1991
...ROBERT DUDLEY A quasi-steady aerodynamic analysis of forward flight was performed on 15 species of neotropical butterflies for which kinematic and morphological data were available. Mean lift coefficients required for flight typically exceeded maximum values obtained on insect wings under...