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Keywords: Torpor
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (8): jeb243407.
Published: 21 April 2022
... Temperature Fish Hibernation Torpor Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Harrison McCain Foundation New Brunswick Innovation Foundation http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000240 University of New Brunswick http://dx.doi.org/10.13039...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (2): jeb243208.
Published: 27 January 2022
...Anusha Shankar; Isabelle N. H. Cisneros; Sarah Thompson; Catherine H. Graham; Donald R. Powers ABSTRACT Many endotherms use torpor, saving energy by a controlled reduction of their body temperature and metabolic rate. Some species (e.g. arctic ground squirrels, hummingbirds) enter deep torpor...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (1): jeb229542.
Published: 4 January 2022
... enters a quiescent state in which powerful drives to thermoregulate, eat and drink are suppressed. Similarly, cardiovascular and pulmonary reflexes originating in the brainstem are altered to permit the profoundly slow heart and breathing rates observed during torpor. The mechanisms underlying...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (14): jeb239772.
Published: 22 July 2021
... between T a , metabolic rate and frequency of arousal from torpor. Body condition and humidity also affect energy expenditure but are usually considered secondary factors. We held tricolored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ) in captivity under multiple environmental conditions to directly compare...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (24): jeb235226.
Published: 15 December 2020
... these fishes into torpor to overwinter. Tautog, alternatively, retained myosin heavy chains, which likely increases locomotor capabilities when making short migrations to overwintering habitats. References Altringham , J. D. and Block , B. A. ( 1997 ). Why do tuna maintain elevated slow...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (9): jeb212126.
Published: 14 May 2020
... in a second individual twice decreased by 35%, nearly to the basal rate expected from its mass without a decrease in body temperature. The New Zealand rockwren's food habits, entrance into torpor and continuous residence in a thermally demanding environment suggest that it may hibernate. However...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (19): jeb196493.
Published: 4 October 2019
... enter a prolonged state of physiological dormancy known as hibernation to survive unfavorable seasonal conditions. Our understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the rapid transition and adaptation to a hypothermic, metabolically suppressed winter torpor state remains limited partially because...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (6): jeb197152.
Published: 15 March 2019
..., and the potential benefits arising from heterothermic responses that should correlate with body size/mass. We found that some individuals clearly entered torpor while others kept T b stable, and that there were also individuals that showed intermediate thermoregulatory patterns. Heterothermy was found to correlate...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (2): jeb160606.
Published: 25 January 2019
...Matthew T. Andrews ABSTRACT Mammals maintain a constant warm body temperature, facilitating a wide variety of metabolic reactions. Mammals that hibernate have the ability to slow their metabolism, which in turn reduces their body temperature and leads to a state of hypothermic torpor...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (16): 2939–2946.
Published: 15 August 2017
...Steven J. Swoap; Gerhard Körtner; Fritz Geiser ABSTRACT The eastern pygmy possum ( Cercartetus nanus ) is a small marsupial that can express spontaneous short bouts of torpor, as well as multi-day bouts of deep hibernation. To examine heart rate ( f H ) control at various stages of torpor...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (16): 2469–2474.
Published: 15 August 2016
...% higher maximum longevity than non-hibernators. Increased longevity could theoretically be due to prolonged torpor directly slowing cellular damage and RTL shortening. However, although mitosis is arrested in mammals at low body temperatures, recent evidence points to accelerated RTL shortening during...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (11): 1787–1795.
Published: 1 June 2015
...Sebastian Alvarado; Timothy Mak; Sara Liu; Kenneth B. Storey; Moshe Szyf ABSTRACT Hibernating mammals conserve energy in the winter by undergoing prolonged bouts of torpor, interspersed with brief arousals back to euthermia. These bouts are accompanied by a suite of reversible physiological...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (22): 4043–4048.
Published: 15 November 2014
...Ireneusz Ruczyński; Theresa M. A. Clarin; Bjoern M. Siemers Bats, some species of rodents and some birds are able to save energy during the summer period by decreasing their body temperature and falling into torpor. Some studies indicate that torpor prevents sleeping and causes effects similar...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (14): 2489–2498.
Published: 15 July 2014
... that punctuates bouts of torpor. As a result, both the interbout arousal and the torpid state are characterized by high levels of nuclear-localized p53. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicate that p53 binds DNA during the winter. Furthermore, p53 recruits RNA polymerase II, as indicated by nuclear run...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (9): 1535–1542.
Published: 1 May 2014
.... , Genoud   M. , Vogel   P. ( 2000 ). Physiological traits affecting the distribution and wintering strategy of the bat Tadarida teniotis . Ecology   81 , 1004 - 1014 . Audet   D. , Fenton   M. B. ( 1988 ). Heterothermy and the use of torpor by the bat Eptesicus fuscus (Chiroptera...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (9): 1519–1524.
Published: 1 May 2014
... ( ) during torpor, we simultaneously measured , f H and subcutaneous body temperature ( T sub ) of a hibernator, Gould's long-eared bats ( Nyctophilus gouldi , 9 g, N =18), at ambient temperatures ( T a ) between 0 and 25°C. At rest, f H of normothermic resting bats was negatively correlated with T...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (7): 1072–1078.
Published: 1 April 2014
... of Biologists Ltd 2014 Anthropogenic noise Habituation Myotis myotis Roosting bat Torpor Traffic noise Traffic noise, together with other types of anthropogenic noise, has become both a biodiversity threat and a potential new selective force affecting the evolutionary processes of some...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (14): 2587–2594.
Published: 15 July 2013
...Rob S. James; James F. Staples; Jason C. L. Brown; Shannon N. Tessier; Kenneth B. Storey SUMMARY Hibernation is a crucial strategy of winter survival used by many mammals. During hibernation, thirteen-lined ground squirrels, Ictidomys tridecemlineatus , cycle through a series of torpor bouts, each...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (9): 1736–1743.
Published: 1 May 2013
...Jason C. L. Brown; Dillon J. Chung; Alex N. Cooper; James F. Staples SUMMARY Hibernating ground squirrels ( Ictidomys tridecemlineatus ) alternate between two distinct metabolic states throughout winter: torpor, during which metabolic rate (MR) and body temperature ( T b ) are considerably...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (16): 2806–2813.
Published: 15 August 2012
... savings at low ambient temperatures. Torpor reduced total evaporative water loss to as little as 21% of normothermic values, but relative water economy during torpor was poor even at low ambient temperatures because of the relatively greater reduction in metabolic water production than in evaporative...