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Keywords: Neural control
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Journal Articles
JEB: 100 years of discovery
J Exp Biol (2023) 226 (Suppl_1): jeb245295.
Published: 21 April 2023
... moving animals, one may need to resort to muscle models, inferring the limb impedance through computer simulations (e.g. Held et al., 2012 ). Future studies should combine biological experiments with modeling studies to measure the neural control of muscle rest lengths, stiffness, and velocity...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (5): 807–813.
Published: 1 March 2017
... with level walking. Our findings provide further evidence that the central nervous system flexibly uses a consistent set of neural control elements with a flexible temporal recruitment and modifications of the relative muscle weightings within each element to provide stable locomotion under varying...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (6): 850–858.
Published: 15 March 2014
... are neurally controlled, but nothing is known about the iridescence circuit, or the environmental cues, that elicit iridescence expression. To tackle this knowledge gap, we performed denervation, electrical stimulation and behavioral experiments using the long-fin squid, Doryteuthis pealeii . We show...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (7): 1170–1180.
Published: 1 April 2011
... are controlled to achieve stationary sensory goals. But in the interest of identifying neural control algorithms, it is sometimes useful to isolate the task-level states from the ‘artifacts’ that can be introduced by such cyclic motor dynamics. Locomotor dynamics often obscure the task-level states...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (9): 1617–1629.
Published: 1 May 2006
.... As seen, our experimental results bear out this prediction. * Author for correspondence (e-mail: ncowan@jhu.edu ) 9 2 2006 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2006 2006 biomechanics locomotion neural control dynamics insect cockroach Periplaneta americana...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (20): 3495–3506.
Published: 15 September 2004
... temporarily adopt the Kármán gait with no axial muscle activity, revealing paradoxically that at times fish can passively move against turbulent flow. To Kármán gait for prolonged periods, however, trout must adapt to the demands of turbulence by eliciting a shift in neural control strategy. By decoupling...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (23): 4327–4340.
Published: 1 December 2003
.... The wide range of motor pattern modulations between different postures in alligators suggests considerable independence of neural control among the muscles of the alligator hindlimb. Four of the alligator thigh muscles we examined show major EMG bursts during swing phase ( Fig. 3 ). ILFEM...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (18): 2803–2823.
Published: 15 September 2002
... for correspondence at present address: Harvard School of Public Health,665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA 25 6 2002 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2002 2002 cockroach Blaberus discoidalis locomotion mechanics perturbation stability neural control Many-legged animals...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (3): 379–389.
Published: 1 February 2002
..., MA 01730, USA (e-mail: aahn@oeb.harvard.edu ) 16 11 2001 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2002 2002 muscle electromyography work loop neural control locomotion biomechanics insect arthropod Blaberus discoidalis cockroach. By measuring muscle length changes...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (10): 1433–1439.
Published: 15 May 1997
... rate neuropeptides TPeps molluscs Tritonia diomedea neural control Despite the ubiquity and fundamental importance of ciliated cells in animals, little is known of the underlying neural and endocrine mechanisms that regulate their activity. There is evidence that the neurotransmitter...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (10): 2317–2321.
Published: 1 October 1996
... ©The Company of Biologists Limited 1996 Bombus occidentalis bumblebee buzz carpenter bee flight muscle neural control sonication Xylocopa californica Xylocopa varipuncta The large indirect flight muscles of bees are used to produce a variety of actions in addition...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1992) 173 (1): 11–24.
Published: 1 December 1992
... Glossina morsitans tsetse pupariation metamorphosis neural control The overall sequence of events involved in regulation of pupariation in Glossina is shown diagrammatically in Fig. 6 . As a result of ecdysteroid action potentiated by the intake of food, the various larval tissues become...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 159 (1): 419–431.
Published: 1 September 1991
..., as has been proposed previously. J. exp. Biol. 159. 419-431 (1991) 4 1 9 Primed in Great Britain © The Company of Biologists Limited 1991 NEURAL CONTROL OF FIBRILLAR MUSCLES IN BEES DURING SHIVERING AND FLIGHT BY HARALD ESCH AND FRANZ GOLLER Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1990) 152 (1): 281–304.
Published: 1 September 1990
... antagonistic functions, are distinguished from specific inhibitors, which have a single target muscle. Specific inhibitors are absent in insects. locust walking neural control common inhibitory neurones walking preparation © 1990 by Company of Biologists 1990 09 04 1990...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1986) 120 (1): 25–39.
Published: 1 January 1986
... by anaesthetics. The acetylcholine antagonist tubocurarine chloride elicited evisceration, suggesting that evisceration may involve inhibition of cholinergic transmission. Evisceration and autotomy appear to be neurally controlled and the presence of an endogenous EF suggests neurosecretory or hormonal activity...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1985) 115 (1): 393–402.
Published: 1 March 1985
...V. R. Edgerton; T. P. Martin; S. C. Bodine; R. R. Roy ABSTRACT Since this classic report, there have been numerous studies which have essentially verified these initial findings. Many of the subsequent papers have addressed two major questions regarding the phenomenon of neural control of muscle...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1984) 109 (1): 281–290.
Published: 1 March 1984
... and is transferred to the female during copulation. * Present address: Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C., Canada VSA 1S6. 17 10 1983 © 1984 by Company of Biologists 1984 Ticks neural control salivary glands Female ixodid ticks (Acari...