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Keywords: European starlingClose
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (18): 3201–3210.
Published: 15 September 2003
...,and the mechanism by which birds might perceive polarised light is unknown. In this experiment, we trained Japanese quail and European starlings to discriminate stimuli differing in their polarisation pattern. Although both quail and starlings were able to discriminate stimuli in which the stimulus sub-components...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (21): 3299–3306.
Published: 1 November 2002
... spectral stimuli according to the amount of reflected light in the UV part of the spectrum relative to longer wavelengths. We have developed a UV `colour blindness' test, which we have given to a passerine(European starling) and a non-passerine (Japanese quail) species. Both species learnt to discriminate...
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (19): 3379–3388.
Published: 1 October 2001
... ( Taeniopygia guttata ), Waterslager canaries ( Serinus canaria ) and European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris ). These species sing songs with different acoustic and temporal characteristics: short stereotyped song (zebra finch), long song with high temporal complexity (canary) and long song with high acoustic...
J Exp Biol (1998) 201 (9): 1433–1446.
Published: 1 May 1998
...N. S. Hart; J. C. Partridge; I. C. Cuthill ABSTRACT Microspectrophotometric measurements of retinal photoreceptors from the European starling ( Sturnus vulgaris ) revealed four classes of single cone, containing visual pigments with wavelengths of maximum absorbance (λ max ) at 563, 504, 449...
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (6): 1259–1273.
Published: 1 June 1995
...Bret W. Tobalske ABSTRACT Electromyographic (EMG) and kinematic data were collected from European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris ) flying at a range of speeds from 8 to 18 m s −1 in a variable-speed windtunnel. Their flight at all speeds consisted of alternating flapping and non-flapping phases. Wing...