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Keywords: Carausius morosus
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Journal Articles
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J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (10): 1676–1684.
Published: 15 May 2011
...Philipp Bußhardt; Stanislav N. Gorb; Harald Wolf SUMMARY The activity of the middle part of the claw retractor muscle was examined in two species of stick insects ( Carausius morosus and Cuniculina impigra ). We performed electromyographic recordings while the animals were standing on a smooth...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (11): 2199–2214.
Published: 1 June 2006
... ). Mechanisms of stick insect locomotion in a gap-crossing paradigm. J. Comp. Physiol. A 190 , 173 -183. Brunn, D. E. and Dean, J. ( 1994 ). Intersegmental and local interneurons in the metathorax of the stick insect Carausius morosus that monitor leg position. J. Neurophysiol. 72 , 1208 -1219...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (12): 2237–2252.
Published: 15 June 2005
... a behavioural transition do so at the same rate. The present study tests this assumption by analysing the sequence of kinematic events during turning of the stick insect Carausius morosus , and by measuring how the time courses of the changing parameters differ between legs. Turning was triggered reliably...
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J Exp Biol (2005) 208 (12): 2253–2267.
Published: 15 June 2005
... walking, the coupling strength associated with these rules has never been measured experimentally. Generally coupling strength of the underlying mechanisms has been considered constant rather than context-dependent. The present study analyses stepping patterns of the stick insect Carausius morosus during...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (8): 1273–1286.
Published: 15 March 2004
... Carausius morosus A fundamental goal of ethological studies is to understand how complex behaviour is controlled. This goal can be achieved by breaking down the continuous flow of activity into single actions that can easily be identified and counted. For investigating the control of adaptive...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2001) 204 (9): 1589–1604.
Published: 1 May 2001
..., the kinematic sequence of leg searching movements of the stick insect Carausius morosus is analysed. Searching movements are shown to be stereotypic rhythmic movement sequences consisting of several loops. The typical loop structure allows the mean tarsus trajectory to be calculated using a feature-based...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1997) 200 (9): 1383–1402.
Published: 1 May 1997
... of Biologists Limited 1997 adaptive gain control proprioceptive feedback joint control loop tactile stimulus motoneurone reflex modulation neuronal gain mechanisms stick insect Carausius morosus The adaptive properties of the nervous system enable an animal to show flexible reactions...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1996) 199 (10): 2169–2183.
Published: 1 October 1996
... characteristics of the muscles or joint architecture (muscle–joint system) are also involved in these behavioural specializations. We compared the properties of the muscle system moving the femur–tibia joint of the middle and hindleg of three species, Carausius morosus, Cuniculina impigra and Locusta migratoria...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1995) 198 (2): 435–456.
Published: 1 February 1995
... muscarinic agonists step-phase transition invertebrate acetylcholine receptor Carausius morosus stick insect The neural basis of rhythmic movements has been studied extensively in a variety of systems. It is now generally accepted that rhythmic motor activity used for locomotion is generated...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1993) 183 (1): 15–33.
Published: 1 October 1993
...Josef Schmitz ABSTRACT The responses of retractor coxae and protractor coxae motoneurones and of the retractor coxae muscle to cuticular stress applied to the leg were investigated in standing and walking stick insects, Carausius morosus . The coxa of a middle or hind leg was restrained...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1993) 181 (1): 141–155.
Published: 1 August 1993
...H. Cruse; J. Schmitz; U. Braun; A. Schweins ABSTRACT The properties of the system that controls the distance between body and ground was investigated in the stick insect Carausius morosus . The insect walked on a lightweight double treadwheel under open-loop or closed-loop conditions. The open-loop...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1992) 173 (1): 91–108.
Published: 1 December 1992
... The Company of Biologists Limited 1992 proprioception scoloparia motoneurone resistance reflex feedback loop frequency response posture control stick insect Carausius morosus The femoral chordotonal organ (fCO) is one of the largest proprioceptive sense organs in Orthoptera...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 159 (1): 449–471.
Published: 1 September 1991
.... 159, 449-471 (1991) 449 Printed in Great Britain © The Company of Biologists Limited 1991 EFFECT OF LOAD ON LEG MOVEMENT AND STEP COORDINATION OF THE STICK INSECT CARAUSIUS MOROSUS BY JEFFREY DEAN Abteilung fur Biokybernetik und Theoretische Biologie, Fakultdt fur Biologie, Universitat Bielefeld...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 157 (1): 503–522.
Published: 1 May 1991
... ). Der ‘Kniesehnenreflex’ bei Carausius morosus: Übergangsfunktion und Frequenzgang . Kybernetik 11 , 32 – 50 . 10.1007/BF00267763 Bässler , U. ( 1972b ). Der Regelkreis des Kniesehnenreflexes bei der Stabheuschrecke Carausius morosus: Reaktionen auf passive Bewegungen der Tibia...
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