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Keywords: Boldness
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (20): jeb169250.
Published: 25 October 2022
...; their behaviour, colouration, transcriptome and stress responses also show a dramatic alteration when social status is altered ( Maruska, 2015 ). Huntingford (1976a , b ) found that there is a positive relationship between boldness and aggressive behaviour in the three-spined stickleback ( Gasterosteus...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (11): jeb223453.
Published: 4 June 2020
... response of ectotherms to warming is associated with changes in brain morphology and function. Here, we compared aerobic metabolism, brain volume, boldness and accuracy of maze solving of common minnows ( Phoxinus phoxinus ) acclimated for 8 months to either their current optimal natural (14°C) or warm (20...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (6): jeb220707.
Published: 16 March 2020
...-typical pheromone cues are entirely dependent on social experience with adult males. Experience with adults also shapes development along the shy–bold personality axis, with shy behaviors arising from exposure to risk-averse heterospecifics as a potential stress-coping strategy. In maturing females...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (6): 797–804.
Published: 15 March 2016
... ecosystems worldwide, where it may interfere with the behavior of exposed organisms. Fluoxetine exposure has been found to influence boldness and exploration in a range of fish species; however, how it might alter behavior in multiple contexts or over time is rarely examined. To this end, the effects...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (24): 3878–3884.
Published: 1 December 2015
... (‘swim’ reflected in sustained and sprint speeds). Together, muscle and swim had a significant positive effect on activity, and explained 71.8% of variation in the distance moved, time active and maximum voluntary speed in an open field. Activity had a significant positive effect on boldness, explaining...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (7): 1077–1083.
Published: 1 April 2015
... bolder behaviour than their late emerging littermates. Taken together, these results suggest that time of emergence, boldness and aggression are linked to each other, forming a behavioural syndrome in juvenile salmon. Differences in brain gene expression between early and late emerging salmon add further...