Summary: Here, we critique recent advances in the field of animal navigation, using Tinbergen's four questions to explore how and why experimental approaches shape our understanding of this behavioural trait.
Summary: Air sacs are observed across arthropods, and are associated with strong flight, large body or appendage size and buoyancy control, suggesting an important role in insect life-history evolution.
Summary: Sound is important in the life-history strategies of many crustaceans. Here, we review sound detection and production in decapod and stomatopod crustaceans.
Embodied latch mechanism of the mandible to power at ultra-high speed in the trap-jaw ant Odontomachus kuroiwae
Summary: X-ray micro volume imaging reveals the fine structure of multi-latch systems on the mandible forming a ‘ball-joint’ in trap-jaw ants.
Summary: In Lymnaea stagnalis, 3 days of food deprivation enhanced memory formation and caused significant transcriptional effects, further demonstrating the importance of nutritional status and related molecular mechanisms in cognitive function.
Subtractive colour mixing with bile pigments creates the rich wing palette of Graphium weiskei butterflies
Summary: Spectrophotometry of the unusually colourful Graphium weiskei butterfly wings reveals the rare but crucial role of bile pigment to create the rich colour palette.
Limb bone strains during climbing in green iguanas (Iguana iguana): testing biomechanical release as a mechanism promoting morphological transitions in arboreal vertebrates
Summary: Limb bone strains in green iguanas moving across substrates simulating terrestrial versus arboreal habitats show that arboreal conditions can elicit higher strains in the femur, but not the humerus.
Elevated temperatures dampen the innate immune capacity of developing lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens)
Highlighted Article: Elevated temperatures impact innate immune capacity of developing lake sturgeon, likely making them more vulnerable to pathogens.
Constant temperature and fluctuating temperature have distinct effects on hypoxia tolerance in killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus)
Summary: Acclimation to constant temperature results in thermal specialization, whereas acclimation to fluctuating temperatures reduces thermal sensitivity and helps maintain hypoxia tolerance across a broader range of temperatures in killifish.
A cis-regulatory sequence of the selector gene vestigial drives the evolution of wing scaling in Drosophila species
Highlighted Article: Results from CRISPR/Cas9 replacement of a cis-regulatory element suggest that changes within the vestigial Quadrant Enhancer sequence in Drosophila species are responsible for the evolution of wing scaling.
Does human foot anthropometry relate to plantar flexor fascicle mechanics and metabolic energy cost across various walking speeds?
Summary: Anatomical variations in human feet can affect whole-body energy cost during locomotion, allowing individuals with longer heels to walk faster with less effort.
Physiological and behavioral evidence for multiple spectral channels in the larval stomatopod visual system
Summary: Physiological and behavioral techniques provide evidence for multiple spectral channels in the visual system of three larval stomatopod species.
Highlighted Article: Ecdysis restores clinging ability in geckos reduced by normal use and damage.