Cover ImageCover: Most studies on the biomechanics of running in birds have focused on sagittal plane movements. Using a combination of anatomical modeling and gait analysis, Rubenson et al. (pp. 2548−2562) reconstructed the ostrich (Struthio camelus) hind limb during running in three dimensions (seen here with marker and anatomical landmark trajectories). Surprisingly, this cursorial species exhibits considerable non-sagittal segment motion, much of which is explained by the orientation of the jointsâ flexion/extension axes. Three-dimensional analyses such as these provide valuable clues into the relationship between avian bipedal musculoskeletal structure and function, and its evolution. (Images created using BodyBuilder software, Oxford Metrics.)
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Swimming kinematics of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris): hydrodynamic analysis of an undulatory mammalian swimmer
Rhesus glycoprotein gene expression in the mangrove killifish Kryptolebias marmoratus exposed to elevated environmental ammonia levels and air
Intermittent hypoxia in eggs of Ambystoma maculatum: embryonic development and egg capsule conductance
Electron and ion microprobe analysis of calcium distribution and transport in coral tissues
Effects of chronic exposure to dietary salicylate on elimination and renal excretion of salicylate by Drosophila melanogaster larvae
The vagus nerve mediates cardio-respiratory coupling that changes with metabolic demand in a temperate nototheniod fish
Properties and possible function of a hyperpolarisation-activated chloride current in Drosophila
Stimulus frequency differentially affects chirping in two species of weakly electric fish: implications for the evolution of signal structure and function
Muscle strain is modulated more with running slope than speed in wild turkey knee and hip extensors
Prolonged deprivation of sleep-like rest raises metabolic rate in the Pacific beetle cockroach, Diploptera punctata (Eschscholtz)
Running in ostriches (Struthio camelus): three-dimensional joint axes alignment and joint kinematics
Effects of two bitter substances on olfactory conditioning in the moth Heliothis virescens
Cardiac remodelling in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum in response to phenylhydrazine-induced anaemia
Meet the JEB Editors @ SEB 2023
Come and meet the JEB team at the Society for Experimental Biology centenary conference from 4-7 July in Edinburgh, UK. Visit exhibition stand 13/15 to pick up JEB centenary goodies, including our new ‘100 years of discovery’ T shirt, and join our Meet the JEB Editors event on Thursday 6 July at 12.30 at Platform 5 to find out more about the journal and chat to Editors including EiC Craig Franklin, Monitoring Editors Sanjay Sane, Trish Schulte and John Terblanche and the in-house News and Reviews team.
New funding schemes for junior faculty staff
In celebration of our 100th anniversary, JEB has launched two new grants to support junior faculty staff working in animal comparative physiology and biomechanics who are within five years of setting up their first lab/research group. Check out our ECR Visiting Fellowships and Research Partnership Kickstart Travel Grants. First deadline for applications is 15 July 2023.
JEB@100: an interview with Monitoring Editor Katie Gilmour
Katie Gilmour tells us how she first encountered the JEB Editorial team as a graduate student at the University of Cambridge, UK, and how she would like to have a Star Trek tricorder to monitor fish non-invasively in the field.
The Forest of Biologists
The Forest of Biologists is a biodiversity initiative created by The Company of Biologists, with support from the Woodland Trust. For every Research and Review article published in Journal of Experimental Biology a native tree is planted in a UK forest. In addition to this we are protecting and restoring ancient woodland and are dedicating these trees to our peer reviewers. Visit our virtual forest to learn more.
Centenary Review - Adaptive echolocation behavior
Cynthia F. Moss and colleagues Review the behaviours used by echolocating mammals to track and intercept moving prey, interrogate dynamic sonar scenes, and exploit visual and passive acoustic stimuli.
Crucial DNA at crux of insect wing size evolution
Keity Farfán-Pira and colleagues have revealed that a tiny region of regulatory DNA in the vestigial gene governs whether insect wings are large or small and has played a key role in the evolution of insect wing size.