Rapid axonal depolarization follows the elevation of [K+]o in the Ringer bathing the surfaces of the connectives of both intact and desheathed cerebrovisceral connectives of Anodonta cygnea. Potassium movements between the blood or medium bathing the surface of the connectives and the axonal membranes can be accounted for in terms of a first-order diffusion process. No visible structural barriers to prevent free movements of materials through the neural lamella and the extracellular spaces can be detected in electron micrographs of the cerebro-visceral connectives. In desheathed preparations fast action potentials are conducted in sodium-free (dextran) Ringer. Mechanisms of axona. l function and ionic regulation in this and other invertebrate central nervous tissues are discussed in the light of these observations.

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