Movement and spontaneous responses of the epaulette cilia of free-swimming eight-armed echinoplutei were analyzed by means of high-speed video microscopy. In addition to the two cyclic activities, normal beating for forward swimming and reversed beating for backward swimming, we identified another cyclic and two noncyclic states of ciliary activity. Intermediate beating was found during the transition from reversed beating to normal beating. One of the noncyclic states, the upright-inactive state, was found only after reversed beating and then changed to another noncyclic state, the inclined-inactive state, prior to a return to normal beating. Transitions within the cyclic and noncyclic states occurred in both directions, while transitions between the cyclic and the noncyclic states were in one direction.

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