Exposure to high levels of ionizing γ radiation leads to irreversible DNA damage and cell death. Here, we establish that exogenous application of electric stimulation enables cellular plasticity and the re-establishment of stem cell activity in tissues damaged by ionizing radiation. We show that subthreshold direct current stimulation (DCS) rapidly restores pluripotent stem cell populations previously eliminated by lethally γ-irradiated tissues of the planarian flatworm Schmidtea mediterranea. Our findings reveal that DCS enhances DNA repair, transcriptional activity, and cell cycle entry in post-mitotic cells. These responses involve rapid increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration through the activation of L-type Cav channels and intracellular Ca2+ stores, leading to the activation of immediate early genes and ectopic expression of stem cell markers in post-mitotic cells. Overall, we show the potential of electric current stimulation to reverse the damaging effects of high-dose γ radiation in adult tissues. Furthermore, our results provide mechanistic insights describing how electric stimulation effectively translates into molecular responses capable of regulating fundamental cellular functions without the need for genetic or pharmacological intervention.

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