Cancer cells hijack developmental growth mechanisms but whether tissue morphogenesis and architecture modify tumorigenesis is unknown. Here, we characterized a new mouse model of sporadic thyroid carcinogenesis based on inducible expression of BRAFV600E from the thyroglobulin promoter (TgCreERT2). Spontaneous activation of this Braf-mutant allele due to leaky CRE activity revealed that intrinsic properties of thyroid follicles determined BRAF-mutant cell fate. Papillary thyroid carcinomas developed multicentrically within a normal microenvironment. Each tumor originated from a single follicle that provided a confined space for growth of a distinct tumor type. Lineage tracing revealed oligoclonal tumor development in infancy and early selection of BRAFV600E kinase inhibitor-resistant clones. Somatic mutations were few, non-recurrent, and limited to advanced tumors. Female mice developed larger tumors than males, reproducing the gender difference of human thyroid cancer. These data indicate that BRAFV600E-induced tumorigenesis is spatiotemporally regulated depending on the maturity and heterogeneity of follicles. Moreover, thyroid tissue organization seems to determine whether a BRAF-mutant lineage becomes a cancerized lineage. The sporadic thyroid cancer model provides a new tool to evaluate drug therapy at different stages of tumor evolution.
Tissue architecture delineates field cancerization in BRAFV600E-induced tumor development
Present address: Diabetes Centre, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.
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- Version of Record 11 August 2021
- Accepted Manuscript 04 June 2021
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Elin Schoultz, Ellen Johansson, Carmen Moccia, Iva Jakubikova, Naveen Ravi, Shawn Liang, Therese Carlsson, Mikael Montelius, Konrad Patyra, Jukka Kero, Kajsa Paulsson, Henrik Fagman, Martin O. Bergo, Mikael Nilsson; Tissue architecture delineates field cancerization in BRAFV600E-induced tumor development. Dis Model Mech 2021; dmm.048887. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.048887
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