In developing tissues, knowing the localization and interactors of proteins of interest is key to understanding their function. Here, we describe the Breasi-CRISPR approach (Brain Easi-CRISPR), combining Easi-CRISPR with in utero electroporation to tag endogenous proteins within embryonic mouse brains. Breasi-CRISPR enables knock-in of both short and long epitope tag sequences with high efficiency. We visualized epitope-tagged proteins with varied expression levels, such as ACTB, LMNB1, EMD, FMRP, NOTCH1 and RPL22. Detection was possible by immunohistochemistry as soon as 1 day after electroporation and we observed efficient gene editing in up to 50% of electroporated cells. Moreover, tagged proteins could be detected by immunoblotting in lysates from individual cortices. Next, we demonstrated that Breasi-CRISPR enables the tagging of proteins with fluorophores, allowing visualization of endogenous proteins by live imaging in organotypic brain slices. Finally, we used Breasi-CRISPR to perform co-immunoprecipitation mass-spectrometry analyses of the autism-related protein FMRP to discover its interactome in the embryonic cortex. Together, these data demonstrate that Breasi-CRISPR is a powerful tool with diverse applications that will propel the understanding of protein function in neurodevelopment.

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