Rights and permissions
- General policy
- Archiving, deposition and reuse
- Data mining
- Permission to use material from other publications in BiO
- The Company of Biologists' websites
For further information on our Open Access policies, fees, waivers and Read & Publish agreements, please visit our Open Access page.
Biology Open (BiO) is a fully Open Access journal.
All articles are published under the CC-BY licence.
Under the terms of this licence, anyone may reuse, distribute or reproduce the article (or parts of the article) in any medium, including for commercial purposes, without requiring permission from the publisher or author, provided that the original work is properly attributed.
Attribution should take the form of citing the article, including the doi, and linking to the published article on the BiO web site. This applies to any version, including the final published PDF, but only after publication of the final version of record of the article.
BiO applies a single licence agreement to all its articles. Visit our licence page for further details and to see an example licence.
Archiving, deposition and reuse
BiO allows the posting of primary research papers on preprint servers.
As an author service, the final version of record of all BiO articles is deposited in US/NLM PMC.
Authors may reuse their article in other material, post it on their web site, include the article in their thesis, and deposit it in institutional (including PMC Europe), subject, funder and thesis repositories.
Authors may use any version, including the final published PDF, but only after publication of the final version of record of the article. The source must be attributed (e.g. by citing the doi and linking to the published article on the BiO web site).
No permission is required from the publisher.
Use by parties other than the authors
Under the terms of the CC-BY licence, articles (or parts of articles) may be used for teaching purposes, in third-party article collections and for commercial use, as long as the source is attributed. Responsible text and data mining is also permitted.
Any version may be used, including the final published PDF, but only after publication of the final version of record of the article. The source must be attributed (e.g. by citing the doi and linking to the published article on the BiO web site).
No permission is required from the publisher.
Article full text, metadata and citations may be crawled without special permission or registration. We ask that, where you reuse content, you attribute the original source, e.g. by citing doi and linking to the published article on the journal website.
Please bear in mind that, should usage exceed 200 requests in 3 minutes from a single IP, users will need to complete a Captcha. If you have any other technical queries, please email email@example.com.
Permission to use material from other publications in BiO
It is the responsibility of the author to obtain permission to use material (e.g. figures) from other publications in any article submitted to BiO and to ensure that any such use is credited to the source (e.g. by including a complete citation/reference for the original article in the figure legend). Written permission from the copyright holder (which might be the author or the publisher of the original material, or another) should be provided to the Editorial Office at the time of submission, otherwise publication might be delayed.
If you have modified a figure from a previously published figure, please check with the copyright holder to see whether modification is permitted under the original licence and whether permission is required, and include a complete citation/reference for the original article.
Note that any figures reproduced from other publications are covered by the licence associated with the original publication. In such cases, where a different licence (not CC-BY) is applied to a specific element within an article, this will be noted in the article where relevant.
If you are reproducing images from a non-Open Access licence source, please state so as follows: “This image is not published under the terms of the CC-BY licence of this article. For permission to reuse, please see [Author et al., 2016]”.
Please contact the original publisher if you have any question about their licence terms, noting that all BiO articles are published under the CC-BY licence. Even if you are also the author of the original work, it cannot be assumed that you have the right to reuse the material in BiO without permission.
Please do not use any material in a BiO article that you do not have written permission to reuse or adapt, and always attribute the original source.
Authors of invited review-type articles should discuss potential permissions issues with editorial team by contacting the Editorial Office.
The Company of Biologists' websites
The contents of this and other websites owned by The Company of Biologists Limited are protected by copyright. Users may seek permission to reproduce material by accessing the Copyright Clearance Centre. Nothing set out here affects any rights that you may have under the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 in the UK or any equivalent fair dealing or fair use provisions in other jurisdictions.
Although, through extensive proof-reading, The Company of Biologists Limited has taken care to ensure that the information, data and other contents of our web sites are error free and up-to-date as at the time of writing, we give no warranties (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, currency or applicability of any of the contents.
The Company of Biologists Limited accepts no responsibility for and excludes all liability in connection with the use of this site, including but not limited to any liability for errors, inaccuracies, omissions or misleading or defamatory statements. In each case, such exclusion shall apply under any theory of liability and we specifically exclude liability for indirect, special, consequential and incidental damages whether or not The Company of Biologists Limited have been advised of the possibility of damages.
Disclaimer: Responsibility for (1) the accuracy of statements of fact; (2) the authenticity of scientific findings or observations; (3) expressions of scientific or other opinion; (4) any other material published in the journal rests solely with the author(s) of the article in which such statements, etc., appear. No responsibility for such matters is assumed by the Journal, its owners, publishers, referees or staff.
For all other matters relating to the reproduction of material, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.